REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING
October 14, 1997, No. VIII-450
Article 1. Purpose and Regulation Area of the Law
1. This Law shall establish the structure and administration of the vocational education and training (VET) system of the Republic of Lithuania, based upon co-operation of the state government institutions and social partners, and also regulate organisation of VET.
2. The law shall regulate vocational training implemented according to the conditions defined in the Register of Studies and Training Programmes and shall not provide college-level or university education.
3. Basic and general secondary education, which is acquired at vocational training institutions, shall be regulated by The Law on Education.
Article 2. The Basic Definitions of this Law
1. Vocational Education and Training (VET) refers to education and training the purpose whereof is to provide individuals with a vocation or requalify them. Vocational training is comprised of:
1) initial VET, denoting a component part of the system of education, which creates an opportunity for persons not having a vocational education to acquire a vocation in accordance with the conditions defined in the Register of Studies and Training Programmes;
2. The Register of Studies and Training Programmes denotes a list of training programmes (modules) and inventory lists of qualification requirements.
3.Vocational Education and/or Training Institution denotes an institution the fundamental area of activity whereof, is vocational education and/or training.
4. Enterprise denotes an enterprise, institution, organisation which implements vocational training under actual conditions of its activity; this training does not comprise the principal area of its activity.
5. Student denotes a person, engaged in education and training in a VET institution or (and) training enterprise.
7. Practical Training denotes the development of vocational skills at VET institutions and (or) enterprises.
8. Module denotes a training programme part of a subject being taught, which provides the student with information of a certain level and scale.
9. Social Partners denotes organisations representing the interests of employers and employees, engaged along with state administrative institutions in the performance of the functions established by this Law.
10. Competent Institution denotes the Chambers of Trade, Industry and Crafts, Agriculture or another Government-authorised institution, performing the functions of regulation of VET, established by this Law.
11. Qualifications Requirements denote occupational requirements established by a competent institution, fulfilled within the vocational training process.
Article 3. Tasks of the VET System
The principal tasks of VET are:
1) to provide a vocational or general cultural education, in keeping with the current level of science, technology and culture and requirements corresponding to the chosen area of vocational activity;
2) to create conditions for upgrading vocational qualification and requalification in order to enable a person to satisfy the changing needs of the labour market;
3) to foster a disposition towards improving vocational qualification and to guarantee a continuity of vocational training;
Article 4. The VET System
1. The functions of the VET system of Lithuania, established by this Law, shall be performed by VET institutions, enterprises, state administrative institutions and social partners.
2. VET shall be implemented by state, municipal and non-state vocational training institutions and enterprises.
3. VET institutions of the following types are functioning in Lithuania:
Article 5. The Register of Studies and Training Programmes
1. The initial VET and labour market vocational training recognised by the State, will be undertaken on the basis of the Register of Studies and Training Programmes. This Register is planned and managed according to the procedure established by the Government.
Article 6. General Provisions of Management
2. The management of VET on a state level shall be implemented:
2) in reference to labour market vocational training, by the Ministry of Social Security and Labour;
3) other ministries, departments, county governors and local municipalities, having co-ordinated with one of the ministries listed in items 1 and 2 of this paragraph;
Article 7. The Vocational Education and Training Council of Lithuania
1. The Vocational Education and Training Council of Lithuania (further - Council) is the consultative body in deciding strategic questions in VET.
2. The Council shall be comprised equally, of members of state administrative institutions, and of organisations representing the interests of employers and employees.
Article 8. The Competence of the Ministry of Education and Science in the
The Ministry of Education and Science shall:
1) found, reorganise and liquidate VET institutions subordinate to it, according to the procedure established by the Government;
2) approve the foundation and reorganisation of non-subordinated to it state, municipal and non-state VET institutions, submit proposals to founders regarding liquidation of non-state VET institutions, when their activity proves to be contrary to laws;
5) establish the general qualification requirements of vocational teachers at VET institutions and organise certification thereof;
6) organise in-service training and requalification of instructors of vocational training institutions subordinate to it;
Article 9. The Competence of the Ministry of Social Security and Labour
in the Vocational Training Area
The Ministry of Social Security and Labour shall:
1) establish, reorganise and liquidate state vocational training institutions subordinated to it, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government;
2) co-ordinate the foundation and reorganisation of non-subordinated to it, state and non-state vocational training institutions within the area of labour market vocational training;
3) perform expert examination and submit conclusions regarding the issuance of licences for labour market vocational training;
7) perform expert examination and submit conclusions to the Ministry of Education and Science concerning the inclusion of labour market vocational training programmes into the Register of Studies and Training Programmes;
Article 10. The Competence of Ministries, Departments, County Governors
and Municipalities in the Vocational Training Area
1. Other ministries, departments, county governors and municipalities:
1) may found, reorganise and liquidate the institutions of VET subordinate to them, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government;
2) organise preparation of training programmes and instruction materials, as well as publication for vocational training institutions subordinate to them;
3) organise in-service training and requalification of teachers in vocational training institutions;
4) conduct an expert examination and provide conclusions concerning the issuance of licenses for vocational training in their activity spheres according to the applications of the Ministries of Education and Science or Social Security and Labour;
2. The county governor’s administration shall:
1) carry out state supervision of VET institutions according to the procedure established by the Ministry of Education and Science;
Article 11. Competence of Social Partners in the VET Area
1. The Trade, Industry and Crafts and also Agriculture Chamber (further - Chamber), representing employers' interests confederation of Lithuanian Industrialists and Lithuanian Businessmen’s Association shall:
1) submit proposals to the Council in establishing the national curriculum programmes (modules) and requirements of qualification examinations;
2. The Chamber shall:
Article 12. The Requirements of a VET Institution
A VET institution must meet the requirements of the training content and the personal qualification and training base. Having co-ordinated them with a competent institution, it shall be established as follows:
Article 13. The Founding, Reorganisation and Liquidation of VET Institutions
1. The Ministry of Education and Science shall found, reorganise and liquidate state VET institutions.
2. Other ministries or Government institutions and county governors, may found, reorganise state VET institutions, having discussed this in the county council and upon obtaining written approval from the Ministry of Education and Science.
3. Municipalities may found, reorganise and liquidate municipal VET institutions, upon obtaining written approvals from The Ministry of Education and Science and the county governor. Joint VET institutions of ministries and State institutions and municipalities may be founded.
4. Legal and natural persons of the Republic of Lithuania and other states shall found, reorganise and liquidate non-state VET institutions according to the procedure established by the Government.
5. The Government shall establish the procedure to be deliberated by the Council, of founding, reorganising and liquidating VET institutions.
Article 14. VET License
1. VET institutions and enterprises, and also other educational institutions and enterprises, implementing basic vocational or labour market training, must have a vocational training license issued by the Ministry of Education and Science.
2. The procedure of issuance of council - deliberated licenses shall be established by the Government upon the recommendation of the Ministry of Education and Science.
Article 15. Registration of VET Institutions
VET institutions and also, other educational institutions engaged in vocational training, shall be registered by the Ministry of Education and Science, in the State Register of Education, Science, and Studies institutions, according to the procedure established by the Government. An excerpt concerning the institutions engaged in vocational training, included in it, shall be submitted to the Ministry of Social Security and Labour.
Article 16. License for Practical Training
Enterprises engaged solely in the practical training of the students of VET training institutions, must have a license for vocational training, issued by the Chamber or another competent institution.
Article 17. The Rights and Obligations of Institutions Engaged in Theoretical
and Practical Education
1. A VET institution shall have the right to:
1) implement according to the procedure established by this Law, both initial and labour market vocational training;
2) after co-ordinating with the founder, the Ministries of Education and Science and (or) of Social Security and Labour, alter vocational programmes or create programmes for new vocations and propose that such be in the Register of Studies and Training Programmes;
2. VET institutions shall have a right to engage in commercial and economic activity according to the procedure established by the Government. The income derived for this activity shall be used for education and training purposes.
Article 18. The Rights and Obligations of Enterprises Engaged in the
Implementation of Practical Training Exclusively
1. An institution engaged in implementing practical training exclusively, shall have the right to:
2. An enterprise engaged in implementing practical training exclusively, must:
1) form a contract of practical training with a vocational training institution, enterprise and student;
Article 19. The Contract of Training
1. Contracts of theoretical and practical training between a VET institution, enterprise and student shall be formed to cover the entire period of training. The conditions of training, labour, and the compensation thereof, shall be stipulated in it. Contracts shall be drawn up prior to the commencement of vocational training.
2. The content, form and registration procedure of these contracts shall be established as follows:
3. Training contracts with minor students shall be formed and annulled with the concurrence of the parents, adoptive parents or guardians, according to the procedure established by the Civil Code.
4. Should a contract be formed with a non-state VET institution or enterprise, the amount payable for training shall be indicated, which may be altered only upon agreement by the sides.
Article 20. The Content of VET.
2. The content of education and training must correspond with the requirements of VET programmes, included within the Register of Studies and Training Programmes.
3. The content of VET shall be formulated in training plans and subject programmes (modules), which shall be approved by the founder, upon co-ordination with the Ministry of Education and Science for the initial VET, and with the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, for labour market vocational training.
Article 21. General Provisions of Qualification Examinations
1. Upon co-ordination with the Council, a competent institution shall establish the organising procedure and supervision of qualification examinations.
2. The following types of examinations shall be offered for qualifications recognised by the State:
Article 22. Examining Commissions
1. One commission for qualification examination shall be formed for the theoretical and practical examination. This commission shall assign problems to those being examined and shall assess their performance.
Article 23. Certificates
1. State recognised qualification certificates include: a certificate of qualification and a diploma of qualified worker.
2. The content, form and procedure of issuance of certificates shall be established by the following, taking into consideration the proposals of the Council:
Article 24. The Purpose and Tasks of Initial VET
Article 25. Admittance to Initial VET Institutions
1. Persons no younger than 14 years of age shall be admitted to initial VET institutions who:
Article 26. Student Rights and Responsibilities at the Initial VET Institutions.
1. The student shall have a right to:
1) transfer from one stage of initial VET to another, provided his general education and vocational readiness meet the stipulated requirements;
3) receive a stipend, according to established procedure, with the acquisition of a vocation, for the first time;
2. The student must:
Article 27. Content of Initial VET
Initial VET shall include:
Article 28. The Stages of Initial VET
1. The VET system shall include the following stages:
1) stage I - for acquisition of a vocational qualification. Only persons not having a basic education shall be admitted. A separate programme shall be created for students, who wish to acquire a basic education;
2) stage II - for the acquisition of qualification of the vocation of a qualified worker, assuring an opportunity to extend the studies within corresponding schools of further education. Persons having a basic education shall be admitted;
3) stage III - for the acquisition of a qualified worker vocation and secondary general education. Persons having a basic education shall be admitted;
2. During the process of education continuity between Stages I, II, and III shall be ensured in vocational training and general education.
Article 29. The Qualification of Vocational Teachers of Initial VET Institutions
The Ministry of Education and Science shall stipulate the qualification requirements for teachers of initial VET institutions.
Article 30. Intermediary Examinations in Initial VET
The intermediary examinations, provided for in training plans, shall be held at initial VET institutions. The students who have passed all of their intermediate examinations, shall acquire the right to take qualification examinations.
Article 31. Qualification Examinations in Initial VET
Within the vocational training system shall be given the following:
Article 32. Certificates of Initial VET Qualification and the Diploma
of Qualified Worker
1. A certificate of qualification shall be issued to students upon completion of the VET programme of Stage I.
Article 33. Labour Market Vocational Training Goal and Tasks
1. Labour market vocational training must guarantee the conformity of the qualifications of labour market demand and labour force supply.
2. Labour market vocational training is designed for acquisition of state-approved qualifications or preparation of a person for performance of work or job-related functions.
3. The tasks of labour market vocational training are enhancement of vocational skills and knowledge, which allow the workers, who are facing unemployment and those who are unemployed to :
Article 34. Admission at Labour Market Vocational Training Institutions
1. Labour market vocational training institutions shall admit persons:
2. Persons over 18 years of age shall study at labour market vocational training institutions, while those younger shall be included only if they have already acquired initial vocational education. Exceptions shall be granted according to the procedure established by the Ministries of Education and Science and Social Security and Labour.
Article 35. Student Rights and Responsibilities at Labour Market Vocational
The rights and responsibilities of those studying at labour market vocational training institutions shall be established in the contract of training between the student and vocational training institution.
Article 36. The Content of Labour Market Vocational Training
1. Labour market vocational training shall be conducted according to training programmes, which are comprised of one or more independent modules. The training programmes (modules) shall be created taking into account the student’s general and vocational education, acquired work experience and requirements of the corresponding occupational activity.
Article 37. The Qualification of Vocational Teachers, Working in Labour Market
Vocational Training Institutions
1. The Ministry of Education and Science shall establish the general qualification requirements for vocational teachers.
Article 38. Qualification Examinations in Labour Market Vocational Training
Qualification examinations will be taken following the conclusion of training according to the programme which is included in the Register of Studies and Training Programmes.
Article 39. Certificate to Perform Certain Work or Certain Function
and the Certificate of Qualification
The completion of study according to the programme included in the labour market vocational training Register of Studies and Training Programmes, shall result in the issuance of:
1) a certificate attesting to the preparedness to perform a job or duties in keeping with the acquired vocational education;
Article 40. Sources of Funding
1. Initial vocational education and training shall be funded from:
2. Labour market vocational training shall be funded from:
Article 41. The Vocational Training Fund
1. The Vocational Training Fund shall be an inter-departmental funding institution of vocational training the funds whereof shall be utilised for practical vocational training, enhancement of workers’ qualification and funding of practical vocational training development.