Chapter I




Article 1. Purpose of the Law

1.  The  purpose  of  this  Law  is  improvement  of  legal

protection  of children within the country, through establishment

of principles in defence of the rights and freedoms of the child,

co-ordinated  with the Constitution of the Republic of  Lithuania

and international law norms and principles.

2.  Within this Law are established the fundamental rights,

freedoms  and  obligations of the child, and the  most  important

guarantees  of  protection  and  defence  of  these  rights   and

freedoms,  based  upon  the  Constitution  of  the  Republic   of

Lithuania, the 1959 United Nations Declaration on the  Rights  of

the  Child,  the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child,  and

other  norms  and principles of international law,  while  taking

into  account  the specific situation of the child within  family

and  society  and  national law traditions,  fundamental  rights,

freedoms  and  obligations of the child and  the  most  important

guarantees for the defence thereof. This Law also shall  regulate

the   fundamental  conditions  in  child  behaviour  control  and

liability thereof, establish parental liability and that of other

natural and legal persons for violations of the provisions of the

general  rights of the child, the system of institutions for  the

protection of the rights of the child and the legal principles of

activity thereof.


Article 2. Concept of the Child

A  child is a human being below the age of 18 years, unless

otherwise established by laws.


Article 3. Legal Representatives of the Child

Legal representatives of the child shall be parents, foster

parents,  guardians,  custodians  and  other  persons,   who   in

accordance  with the law or other legal act, must  care  for  the

child,  educate  him, support him, represent him and  defend  his

rights and rightful interests.


Article  4. General Provisions in Defence of the Rights  of

the Child

Parents,  other legal representatives of the child,  state,

municipal  government and public institutions and  other  natural

and  legal  persons  must abide by the following  provisions  and


1)  legal interests of the child must always and everywhere

be given priority consideration;

2) a child shall have the right to avail himself of all the

child rights and freedoms established by the Constitution of  the

Republic of Lithuania, this Law and other laws and legal acts;

3) every child shall enjoy equal rights with other children

and  can not be discriminated against for reasons of his parents'

or  other  legal child representatives' gender, age, nationality,

race,  language,  religion,  convictions,  social,  monetary  and

family position, state of health or any other circumstances;

4)  every child shall be given an opportunity to be healthy

and  develop normally physically and mentally, prior to his birth

as much as afterwards, and upon birth, a child must be guaranteed

an  opportunity  to also, develop morally and to  participate  in

life within society;

5)  no child must be left without a home, minimum funds  of

subsistence and care or guardianship;

6)  transactions drawn up in violation of the rights  of  a

child   (leaving   child  without  a  home,  minimal   means   of

subsistence, care, guardianship), other acts that shall limit  or

otherwise restrict a child's personal, property and other  rights

and freedoms, shall be considered invalid;

7)  parents and other legal representatives of a child must

first safeguard the rights of a child.


Article  5. Laws and Other Legal Acts Establishing  the

Child's Rights and their Protection

1.  The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this and

other laws and legal acts establish child rights and freedoms and

the protection thereof.

2. In resolving the disputes arising, whenever the laws  or

other  legal  acts  regulate relations linked  with  the  rights,

freedoms  and  protection thereof, of a child,  differently  from

this  Law,  or in cases whereby these relations are not regulated

by laws, appropriate provisions of this Law shall be applied.


Article  6.  Basic  Guarantees  of  the  Rights  of  Child


Rights  of  the child shall be protected and guaranteed  as


1)  parents or other legal representatives of a child  must

create conditions suitable for a child to live and grow up within

a family and to take care of him;

2)  laws  and  other  legal  acts  shall  be  adopted  and


3)  appropriate state and municipal institutions  shall  be

created and tasked with implementation of protection of rights of

the child;

4)  special  programmes and measures shall be prepared  and


5) preventive educative measures shall be applied: way shall

be barred for criminal activity and other violations of law;

6)  state and municipal institutions shall allot  funds  to

prepare and implement protection measures for protection  of  the

rights of the child;

7) funds and other material valuables derived for children,

through charity sources, would be utilised expediently;

8)  appropriate  social activity, in public  organisations,

traditional and state-recognised religious communities,  relevant

to  protection  of  rights and freedoms of the  child,  shall  be

encouraged and supported.


Chapter II




Article 7. Right of the Child to Life and Growth

1. Every child shall have the inalienable right to life and


2.  All  types  of  scientific  experimentation  or  other

experimentation involving a child, that may be detrimental to his

life,   health,   or  normal  personal  development,   shall   be

prohibited.  This  prohibition  shall  also  apply  even  in  the

presence of an agreement by the child, his parents or other legal

representatives of the child.


Article 8. Right of the Child to Good Health

The  right  of the child to good health shall be guaranteed


1)  measures  allowing  creation  of  a  healthy  and  safe

environment for the child;

2) health care for children and their mothers (fathers);

3) prophylaxis of children's diseases and qualified medical


4)production  of  food  products suitable  in  quality  for


5)  promotion of healthy life style (information, education


6)   other  guarantees  and  privileges  of  child  health

protection established by laws.


Article 9. Right of the Child to Individual Identity and its


1.  From  birth the child shall have the right to  a  name,

surname, nationality and citizenship, a right to family and other

ties linked to his individual identity and their preservation.

2. The rights of the child and their guarantees, listed  in

the  first part of this Article, shall be established by the Code

on Marriage and Family, the Law on Citizenship and other laws and

legal acts.


Article  10. Right of the Child to Personal Life,  Personal

Inviolability and Freedom

1.  The  child  shall  have  a  right  to  personal  life,

associations,  privacy in correspondence, personal  inviolability

and  freedom.  These rights and freedoms shall be  protected  and

defended  by the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania,  this

Law and other laws and legal acts.

2. A child shall not be tortured and injured, his honour and

dignity be degraded and be subjected to cruel treatment.


Article 11. Right of the Child to Living Conditions

The right of the child to living conditions is vital for his

physical, intellectual, spiritual and moral development and shall

be  ensured by parents, other legal representatives of the  child

and municipal institutions.


Article 12. Property Rights of the Child

1.  The  child shall have the right to property,  which  is

guarded  and  defended by the Constitution  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania, this Law and other laws.

2.  The  child's  property rights,  their  acquisition  and

implementation shall be regulated by Civil, Marriage  and  Family

Codes, and other laws and legal acts.

3.  Upon  due consideration as to his capability,  a  child

shall  have  the  right  either  himself  or  through  his  legal

representatives,  to draw up transactions, maintain  deposits  in

institutions of credit and dispose of it for income or  stipends,

to  implement other ownership rights, which shall be  established

through corresponding laws and legal acts.

4.  Parents or other legal representatives of the child may

dispose  of the property belonging to the child through right  of

ownership,  only upon securing findings issued by an  institution

for protection of the rights of the child, that such transactions

shall not be contrary to the interests of the child.

5. In dividing property, which is the joint property of the

marriage  partners  (parents), the rights  of  ownership  of  the

children must be considered in every regard.


Article 13. Right of the Child to a Home

1. This and other laws and legal acts shall defend the right

of the child to a home.

2.  An orphan (child whose parents are deceased) or a child

who  has been left without parental care or guardianship, and has

been remanded to a home for children, relatives, and the care  of

other   individuals,   regardless  of   whether   or   not   care

(guardianship)  had been established for him,  shall  maintain  a

right to the home, where he lived previously, or another home  of

equal  quality  shall  be  assigned him  according  to  procedure

established by laws.

3. An orphan left without parental care and guardianship and

without  a  home to live in, shall be provided one  according  to

procedure established by laws.

4.  An  orphan left without parental care and guardianship,

may  not be moved from his home without being provided a home  of

equal quality.

5. When parents or other legal representatives of the child

shall   implement   inadequately  or  fail   to   implement   the

requirements set forth in Article 11 of this Law, the findings by

an institution for protection of the rights of the child shall be

required in the mortgaging, sale or giving away of the home where

the  child resides, to demonstrate that such transactions are not

contrary to interests of the child.


Article 14. Social Rights of the Child

1. The child shall have the right to an education, right to

acquire  a  profession, to choose a job and also, the freedom  of

thought, conscience, religion and speech and the right to use  of

various  humanitarian information and dissemination  thereof,  to

participation   in   public   life,   peaceful   assemblies   and

organisations,  and  the right to freedom of  expression  of  his


2.  The  child  shall have author's right to his  creation,

invention or discovery.

3.  Social  rights of the child indicated in  this  Article

shall  be established, protected and defended by this Law,  other

laws and legal acts.


Article  15.  Right  of the Child to State  Assistance  and


1.  Every child who does not receive sufficient maintenance

from  his  parents  or legal representatives, shall  be  rendered

state  assistance. The size, provision procedure  and  conditions

whereof, shall be established by laws and other legal acts.

2.  An  orphan  or  child left without  parental  care  and

guardianship  shall  be  supported by  the  state,  according  to

procedure  established by laws. Every such child,  regardless  of

the form of care (state, private, social, family, personal), must

be  ensured  equal  material conditions by the  state  and  local

municipal institutions.


Article 16. Right of the Child to Rest and Leisure

1.  A  child  shall  have the right to  rest  and  leisure,

appropriate for his age, health and needs.

2. A child must be ensured an opportunity and conditions for


3.  State and municipal institutions establish and  support

children's  sport, creative endeavour, leisure and health  clubs,

camps, family leisure homes and sanatoriums and create conditions

for  children  to  take advantage of privileges  granted  through

social insurance.

4. The laws shall guarantee rest and leisure of children.


Article  17.  Rights  of  Children  Belonging  to   Ethnic


(Minorities) of the Republic of Lithuania

Children belonging to ethnic communities (minorities) of the

Republic  of Lithuania shall have the right to develop their  own

language,  culture, customs and traditions. This right  shall  be

ensured  by  the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania,  laws

and other legal acts.


Article 18. Rights of the Refugee Child

1.  A  child,  who  shall be recognised  as  a  refugee  in

accordance with the laws, shall have the right to assistance  and

protection.  If  necessary, a search shall be conducted  for  the

parents   and  relatives  of  the  child  or  other  persons   or

institutions. to whom he may be turned over.

2.  A child refugee shall be applied provisions of the  Law

"On The Status of Refugees within The Republic of Lithuania."

Article  19.  Right  of the Child to Participate  in  Child

Protection Programmes

A child shall have the right to take part, either on his own

or  through  his  legal representatives, in the  preparation  and

implementation of child right protection programmes.


Chapter III




Article 20. Establishment of the Rights of the Child within

the Family

The  rights of the child within the family shall be defined

by  the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this Law,  the

Marriage and Family Code, other laws and legal acts.


Article   21.  Obligation  of  Parents  or   Other   Legal

Representatives of the

hild to Bring up, Care For and Support the Child

1. Parents or other legal representatives of the child shall

be  obliged  to create conditions for the child to grow,  develop

and  improve  and  to bring up their children as  humanely  moral


2.  Both  parents must be equally involved in  the  child's

upbringing,  provide suitable care, material support  and  ensure

availability of a home for him.

3.  In  the  event  of a dispute in establishing  paternity

(maternity), all possible proofs must be considered, which  would

attest  to  the  fact that the respondent is  indeed  the  father

(mother) of the child.


Article  22.  State  Assistance  of  Families  Raising  and

Bringing up Children

The state shall assist families (especially large ones), who

are  raising and bringing up children, by designating,  according

to  procedure  established by laws, maternity (paternity),  child

birth  as  well  as family benefits, and providing  parents  with

special-purpose  vacations  and  providing  them  assistance  and



Article  23.  Right of the Child to Live  with  Parents  or

Persons Representing Them

1. A child shall have the right to live with his parents or

other legal representatives.

2.  To separate a child from his parents or his other legal

representatives against the will of the child, as well as that of

his  parents  (legal representatives), shall  be  permitted  only

under  extraordinary  circumstances, provided  for  by  laws  and

according  to  the  established procedure,  based  upon  a  court

decision  (verdict) and when such a separation becomes  necessary

for the child (striving to avoid danger to the life and health of

the child, and it becomes necessary to become concerned about his

care  and upbringing and to protect other important interests  of

the child).

3. In the event of danger being posed to life or health of a

child, he may be immediately separated from his parents, or other

legal  representatives, in accordance with the norms  established

by the Marriage and Family Code.

4. Disputes arising over the child's place of residence, in

cases  wherein the parents live separately, shall be resolved  by

the  court, guided by the Marriage and Family Code norms. In  the

resolution  of  such  disputes, priority  consideration  must  be

accorded  to  interests  and  desires  of  a  child,  capable  of

expressing  his  own opinion, as to which one of his  parents  he

would desire to live with.


Article  24. Right of the Child to Associate with Separated


1. A child shall have the right to receive information about

the  mother  or  father, who does not live  with  him,  with  the

exception  of  instances  wherein  this  could  prove  to  be  of

detriment to the child.

2.  The  opportunity to associate with mother,  father  and

close relatives, who do not live with him, should be ensured  for

the  child, with the exception of instances established  by  law,

wherein  such association could prove to be of detriment  to  the


3. The court shall resolve disputes regarding implementation

(or  restriction) of rights of the child, set forth in parts  one

and two of this Article.


Article 25. Care and Guardianship

1.  Care (guardianship) shall be established, according  to

procedure  established by laws, for a child left without  parents

or their care.

2. In establishing the care (guardianship), an attempt must

be  made  to  create conditions enabling him  to  live  within  a

family, along with his brothers and sisters.


Article 26. Foster Care

1. In order to ensure that a child left without his parents,

may   be   provided  an  opportunity  of  growing  up  in  family

surroundings, he may be placed in foster care.

2.  The  Marriage  and  Family Code and  other  legal  acts

establish   conditions  regarding  foster  care  and  dissolution

thereof, and the procedure and legal consequences of such.



Chapter IV




Article 27. Concept of the Disabled Child and Regulation of

his Rights

1.  A disabled child is a child, having some congenital  or

acquired  physical  or  mental  disabilities,  which  have   been

determined by a child health care institution and which interfere

with  his  ability  to develop normally and  his  adaptation  and

integration into society.

2. This Law, the Law on Social Integration of the Disabled,

other  laws and legal acts shall establish the rights of disabled

children and guarantees thereof.


Article 28. Right of the Disabled Child to Experience a Full

- valued Life

A  disabled  child  shall  have equal  rights  with  normal

children to lead an active life, develop and acquire an education

befitting  his physical and mental potential and desires,  to  be

engaged in work that suits him and to participate in creative and

social activity.


Article 29. Special Care of the Disabled Child

1.  Recognising his special needs, a disabled  child  shall

have the right to obtain special (extraordinary) care. The person

who  cares  for him, shall be rendered social, medical and  other


2.  A  disabled  child shall have the right  to  privileged

services  by  treatment providing institutions,  sanatoriums  and

resorts,  as provided by laws and other legal acts. He  shall  be

given qualified medical assistance based on early diagnosis,  and

provided  appropriate  corrective  and  rehabilitative  treatment

methods.   This  assistance  shall  be  provided   by   physician

specialists,  prosthetics  experts,  rehabilitation  experts  and

other  medical  specialists  and,  when  dictated  by  necessity,

treatment  will  be  scheduled  in  institutions  of  specialised



Article 30. Adaptation of Environment for the Disabled Child

1. Public buildings, streets and transportation means, which

are  to  be  used  by a disabled child, shall be adapted  to  the

special needs of a disabled child.

2.  Specially  adapted accommodations  shall  be  installed

within institutions intended for these children.

3.  State and municipal executive institutions shall ensure

according  to  their competence and potential, that  requirements

indicated  in  parts  one  and two  of  this  Article,  would  be



Article 31. Funds for Disabled Children

1. Parents and other legal representatives of the child, who

are  raising and caring for a disabled child at home, shall  have

the right to obtain required assistance from the state budget.

2. The laws and other legal acts shall establish the amount

of assistance, procedure of payment and other conditions.


Article  32. Guarantees of Social Activity (Employment)  of

the Disabled Child

1.  State  and  municipal  institutions  must  create  the

necessary  conditions for education of the  disabled  child,  his

professional   preparedness   and,   in   accordance   to    work

opportunities  and  also,  by taking  into  account  the  health,

special needs and talents of such a child.

2.  Allowances and privileges established by laws and other

legal   acts  shall  be  applied  to  people,  institutions   and

organisations, employing a disabled child.


Article  33. Preparation of Teachers, Educators and  Social

Workers for Work with Physically or Mentally

Disabled Children

Teachers, educators and social workers shall receive special

training  for  work  with  children having  physical  and  mental

disabilities.  The Ministry of Education and Science  along  with

the  Ministry of Social Security and Labour, shall be responsible

for special purpose programmes intended for this type of work.


Chapter V




Article  34. General Provisions of Rights of the  Child  to


1.  The  child shall have the right to an education,  which

would   develop   his  general  cultural  knowledge,   intellect,

abilities,  views,  moral  and social responsibility,  and  would

create conditions for development of his personality.

2. Every child must be assured the opportunities of learning

to  respect  his parents, educators, teachers, other people,  his

native  language,  the  state  language  and  culture  and  other

languages   and  cultures  and  nature,  of  preparing   for   an

independent existence and work and of becoming a useful member of



Article 35. Guarantees of Right of the Child to Education

1. The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on

Education, this Law and other laws and legal acts shall guarantee

the right of the child to an education.

2. The following fundamental guarantees of this right of the

child to an education shall be implemented within the Republic of


1) education shall be compulsory for children under the age

of 16;

2)  taking  under advisement the age of the child  and  his

level of education, the parents or other legal representatives of

the   child  shall  have  the  right  to  select  an  educational

institution, form and methods of learning in accordance with  the

child's  mental  capacity, convictions and talents.  The  child's

opinion shall also be considered in resolving this question;

3) every child shall have the right to a free education  at

state  and municipal general education and professional  training

schools as well as universities;

4)  university education shall be accessible to every child

according to his abilities. Free education shall be guaranteed at

state  universities to those children who excel in their  studies

and are citizens of the Republic of Lithuania;

5)  an  orphan  and also a child who has been  deprived  of

parental  care  (guardianship) or  a  child  who  does  not  have

sufficient material support, studying at an institution,  college

or  university  of general and professional education,  shall  be

granted additional state and municipal institution support ( free

meals,  hostel, special or increased stipends, etc.), established

by   laws   or  other  legal  acts.  Admission  privileges   into

professional school, college and also university, established  by

laws or other legal acts, may be applied for this type of child;

6) parents and other legal representatives of the child must

create  conditions enabling the child to acquire  the  compulsory

education  or  a  possibility  of study  until  the  age  of  16.

Individuals who shall fail to implement this requirement shall be

held liable according to procedure established by laws.

3. Education and science system of the Republic of Lithuania

shall be regulated by laws.


Article 36. Development of Talent and Abilities of the Child

Every  child  shall  have  the  right  to  the  support  of

educational  and  other  state  institutions  in  unfolding   and

developing his talents and abilities. For this purpose the  State

and its corresponding institutions shall:

1)  create the necessary conditions and grant all  children

equal opportunities to unfold and develop their talents;

2)  establish personal and increased grants for very gifted

(talented)  children  and encourage and  support  them  by  other


3) encourage international co-operation within this realm.


Article  37.  Supervision of Children Who Avoid  Compulsory


Educational  institutions must inform the  children,  other

legal  representatives  of  child, institutions  of  child  right

protection  and  other  institutions  about  children  who  avoid

compulsory education, and concurrently, must employ measures that

would  encourage children to attend school constantly, and reduce

the number of pupils who have dropped out of school.


Article 38. Right to Education of the Child, Whose  Freedom

Has Been Deprived or Limited

Conditions  must be created for compulsory education  of  a

child who has been deprived of freedom for a specified length  of

time,  in instances established by law, as a result of committing

a crime or another violation of law.



Chapter VI




Article 39. General Provisions in Child Labour Activity

1. Child labour activity shall be regulated by the Code  of

Labour Laws, this Law and other laws.

2. The child shall have the right to work commensurate with

his   age,   state  of  health,  general  education   level   and

professional expertise. Work shall be chosen freely.

3.  Having  attained  16  years of  age  and  unwilling  or

incapable of continuing the studies, he may work.

4. The Law on Labour Contracts and other laws shall regulate

employment  of children under 16, their dismissal from  work  and

the conditions of their labour.


Article 40. Safety of Children at Work

1. Employers must guarantee safe work for children.

2.  In instances established by laws, working children must

undergo a health examination prior to being employed.

3. Children shall have the right to shortened work time and

longer vacation time than that of adults and other guarantees and

privileges established by laws.


Article 41. Reserving of Work Places for Orphans and  Other

Children, Tax Reliefs for Employers

1.  Additional employment guarantees, established by  laws,

shall   be  applied  to  orphans,  left  without  parental   care

(guardianship) or to children lacking in vital material support.

2.  Privileges  shall  be applied  according  to  procedure

established  by laws, to employees who shall reserve work  places

for children listed in part one of this Article and employ them.


Article  42.  Protection of the Child from Exploitation  at


1.  State  and municipal institutions prohibit natural  and

legal  persons  from  exploitation of,  or  other  discrimination

against a working child. A child may not be entrusted with a  job

or  occupation, detrimental to health or education  or  one  that

would   interfere  with  his  physical,  intellectual  or   moral


2.  The  state shall protect the child from  all  forms  of

exploitation  at  work  through use of social,  legal,  economic,

medical and upbringing measures.







Article  43.  General Provisions of Child  Protection  from

Influence of Negative Social Environment

1.  State and municipal institutions and other natural  and

legal  persons  must  protect  the  child  from  negative  social

environment influence. Propagation of a healthy lifestyle and law-

based education of children constitute fundamental directions  of

state social policy and activity.

2. Administrative or criminal liability shall be applied for

demonstration  of physical and mental violence  to  children  and

their inclusion into criminal or other illegal types of activity.

3. Necessary assistance should be rendered to a child victim

of  crime, violence or other improper activity, in order that  he

may regain his health following the physical or mental trauma  he

has experienced and reintegrate into the social environment.

4. Upon becoming aware of a child in need of assistance,  a

natural   or  legal  person  must  report  this  to  the  police,

institution  for  the protection of the rights of  the  child  or

another competent institution.


Article 44. Protection of the Child from Alcoholic Beverages

and Smoking

1.  An  attitude  against  smoking  and  use  of  alcoholic

beverages should be fostered in children. Children shall  not  be

allowed  to  work  in  jobs linked with production  or  sales  of

tobacco products or alcoholic beverages.

2.  Administrative or criminal liability shall be incurred,

as  provided  by  laws,  for  getting  a  child  intoxicated  and

involving him in drinking.


Article  45.  Protection  of the  Child  from  the  Use  of

Narcotic, Toxic and Other Strong Substances and


1. Child must be protected from the use of illegal narcotic,

toxic  and other substance and material types, that have a strong

effect  on  the  organism,  production  of  such  substances  and

materials, their sales or other types of dissemination.

2. Administrative or criminal liability, in accordance with

laws,  shall  be  applied for involving a child  in  the  use  of

narcotic,  toxic or other substances and materials  that  have  a

strong effect on the organism.


Article 46. The Child and Games, Films and Media

The  demonstration, sale, gifts and propagation and rentals

to   children  of  toys,  movies,  audio  and  video  recordings,

literature,  newspapers, magazines and other publications,  which

directly  promote  and propagate war, cruel behaviour,  violence,

and  pornography,  or  otherwise harm  the  spiritual  and  moral

development of the child, shall be prohibited. Administrative  or

criminal  liability, established by laws, shall  be  applied  for

these activities.


Article 47. Protection of the Child from Sexual Exploitation

1. Administrative or criminal liability, in accordance with

the laws, shall be applied for encouraging or coercing a child to

take  part  in  sexual  activity, using him for  prostitution  or

involving him in prostitution, using him for pornography, as well

as  in  production or dissemination of pornographic publications,

or other materials of a pornographic or erotic nature.

2.  Children  must be taught to avoid sexual  coercion  and



Chapter VIII





Article 48. Fundamental Duties of the Child and Development

of His Responsibility

1. A child is a member of society and in availing himself of

his  rights  he must observe the established norms of  behaviour,

the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, this Law and other

laws and provisions of legal acts and respect the rights of other


2. The child must:

1)  respect his parents, and other family members, care for

them  in  their old age, instances of illness or other disability

and  help  his  parents  and  other family  members  in  need  of


2)  respect  his educators, other adults and children,  not

violate their rights and rightful interests;

3)  observe  the  dictates of adopted norms  of  behaviour,

within  learning  and educative institutions, public  places,  at

work and in everyday surroundings;

4)  respect  and  preserve cultural and historical  values,

nature, and public and private property.

3.  The  child must be brought up to fulfil his obligations

and  himself be responsible for his behaviour within the  family,

educational and training institutions, public places, at work and

within social environment.


Article  49.  Application  of  Discipline  and  Compulsory

Education Measures to Child

1. Parents and other legal representatives of the child may

appropriately,  according  to  their  judgement,  discipline  the

child,  for avoiding to carry out his duties and for disciplinary

infractions,  with the exception of physical and mental  torture,

other  cruel behaviour and the humiliation of the child's  honour

and dignity.

2.   Disciplinary  and  educative  enforcement   measures:

criticism, reprimand, severe reprimand, appropriate evaluation of

behaviour  and other enforcement means, established by laws,  may

be   applied  to  a  child  for  violations  of  internal   order

regulations of teaching and educative (care) institutions.

3.  For constant and malignant violations of law and order,

and  also  for perpetration of dangerous (criminal) activity,  if

for  reasons  of his age, state of health or other circumstances,

administrative  or  criminal liability  cannot  be  applied,  the

following     compulsory    educative    enforcement     measures

(disciplinary) may be applied:

1) warning;

2)  obligation of a public or other type of apology to  the


3)  release upon guarantee, in custody of parents or  other


4) home supervision (leisure limitation);

5)  placement  in  a  special  educative  and  disciplinary


6) other measures provided for by laws ( considering the age

of  the  child, the type of violation committed by him and  other


4. Laws and other legal acts establish the specific types of

measures  listed in part three of this Article, the duration  and

procedure   of   application   and  implementation   thereof   is

established by laws and other legal acts.

5.  To  turn  the  child  over to a special  educative  and

disciplinary    institution   shall   only   be   possible    per

recommendation  of  institutions which have  been  authorised  by


6.   The   behavioural,  personal  hygiene,  and  cultural

interaction  habits of the child should be formed at the  special

educative and disciplinary institutions, and conditions should be

afforded  for  acquisition of compulsory  and  general  secondary

education,  professional preparedness for work  and  life  within



Article  50. General Provisions of Legal Liability  of  the


1. Having committed a violation of the law, the child shall

personally  be  held  liable for his own  actions,  excepting  in

instances, whereby the laws shall establish otherwise.

2. In instances established by law, the child shall be held

liable for material damage caused.

3.  Children  over  the  age of 16  shall  be  held  liable

according   to   the   procedure   established   by   laws,   for

administrative violations of law.

4. A child suspected of a criminal law violation, shall  be

presumed  innocent, until his guilt is established  according  to

procedure  established by law and the coming into effect  of  the

court sentence.

5. Those children who had attained the age of 16, prior  to

perpetration  of  the crime, shall be held liable  in  accordance

with criminal laws. In exceptional cases, for crimes provided for

in  the Criminal Code, criminal liability may be applied also  to

younger children, however not to those below the age of 14.


Article 51. Limitation of Penalties and Types and Sizes  of

Sentences Given to Children

1. The laws shall limit the types and size of administrative

penalties given to children.

2.  The  size of penalty or sentence given a child must  be

smaller  than that given to an adult, while in nature (kind),  it

should be in keeping with the child's age.

3. Capital punishment or life imprisonment of children shall

be prohibited.


Article  52. Designation of Alternative  to  Sentencing

Enforcement Measures for the Child Offender

A child who has committed a minor crime, may be relieved by

the  court  of criminal liability, provided conditions have  been

established  in  the  Criminal  Code.  Such  a  person  is  given

mandatory  training  enforcement  measures,  designated  in   the

Criminal Code.


Article 53. Specific Characteristics of Child Process Rights

and Their Guarantees

1. Criminal process cases, wherein a child is the suspected

offender,  must  be  conducted  in  the  presence  of  a  defence

attorney. Parents or other legal representatives of the child, an

educator  and  a representative of an institution protecting  the

rights  of  the  child  must  also be present,  in  circumstances

specified by law.

2. A child shall not be subjected to any physical or mental

coercion. A child shall not be forced to testify against himself,

his parents and other family members and to admit his own guilt.

3. In examining cases of violations of rights of the child,

the  court  must  observe all process regulations  and  specifics

relevant to the child. While setting sentence or penalty for  the

child,  it is important to take into account his age, personality

characteristics,  living  and  educative  conditions  and   other

circumstances specified by laws.

4.  Administrative or other liability established by  laws,

shall be applied for publication in the press or other media,  of

the  person  (name, surname) and identifying details of  a  child

suspected of committing a crime, being tried or sentenced  for  a

criminal offence.


Article  54.  Rights of the Child Whose  Liberty  has  been

Restricted or Deprived and Their Guarantees

1. Arrest or deprivation of liberty of a child in instances

provided  by  laws  shall only be possible  per  court  (  judge)

sentence  (ruling,  decision, verdict).  Arrest,  deprivation  of

liberty  or any other restriction of liberty of a child  must  be

substantiated,  as  brief  as  possible  and  applied   only   in

exceptional circumstances.

2.  Parents or other legal representatives of the child and

in their absence, the institution for Protection of the Rights of

the  Child must be informed at once, about the child's detention,

arrest, another form of restriction or deprivation of liberty.

3. A child who has been detained or arrested shall have the

right  to immediate legal or another type of required assistance,

and  shall also, have the right to dispute in court, the legality

of restriction or deprivation of his liberty.

4. A child, whose liberty is restricted or deprived, must be

held separately from adults, with the exception of instances that

are  cited  by  laws,  whence this shall not  be  appropriate  in

consideration of the child's interests.

5. Upon restriction or deprivation of a child's liberty, his

other rights (right to education, and physical, mental, spiritual

and  moral  development) that are not directly  linked  with  the

restriction  or  deprivation of liberty, may not  be  restricted.

This type of child shall have the right to maintain ties with his

parents  (legal representatives), other family members, relatives

and  those  close to him, through correspondence  and  encounters

with  them,  excepting in extraordinary instances cited  by  law,

when all this may exert a detrimental influence on the child.

6. The Corrective Labour Code and other laws shall establish

the  procedure for deprivation of a child of liberty and  serving

of the sentence.


Chapter IX




Article 55. General Provisions

Individuals, who have been in violation of the rights of the

child,  established  in  the  Constitution  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania, this Law and other laws and legal acts regulating  the

protection of the rights of the child, shall be liable  according

to the procedure established by laws.


Article   56.  Liability  of  Parents  and   Other   Legal

Representatives of the Child

1. Civil, administrative and criminal liability, established

by   laws,   shall  be  applied  for  parents  and  other   legal

representatives  of the child, who shall be in violation  of  the

child's  rights,  avoid  or fail to fulfil  their  obligation  to

educate,  teach, supervise, support the child, subject  child  to

cruel treatment or otherwise abuse their rights and obligations.

2.  In  the  event  a  father  (mother)  or  another  legal

representative of the child shall be in violation of  the  rights

of  the child, inflict cruel treatment upon him or abuse his  own

rights  (obligations) in another fashion, the child  himself  and

other  individuals shall have the right to seek  assistance  from

the  institution  of child rights protection, law  protection  or

another institution, which must employ measures provided by law.


Article 57. Liability of Other Natural and Legal Persons

1. Natural and legal persons, who shall unlawfully interfere

with a child availing himself of his rights and freedoms, or  who

shall  otherwise violate the rights of the child, shall  be  held

liable according to the procedure established by laws.

2.  Authorities of instructional, educative, treatment  and

other  institutions, educators or individuals equivalent to them,

and  the  administration  of  these institutions  shall  be  held

responsible  for  the  education  of  the  children  under  their

supervision.  In  the event these persons fail  to  fulfil  their

obligations  or fulfil them inadequately and harm  their  charges

physically  or  mentally or otherwise violate the rights  of  the

child,  they  shall  be held liable according  to  the  procedure

established by laws.

3. State and municipality employees, who are responsible for

the  education and supervision of the child, must at once  inform

competent institutions concerning violations of the rights of the

child, which have come to their attention.

4. State and municipality officers and other employees, who

fulfil the functions of educating children, may be dismissed from

their  positions, according to the procedure established by laws,

when  their behaviour becomes amoral, even if this occurs outside



Chapter X





Article 58. Institutions for Protection of the Rights of the

Child and Organisation of Their Activity


1. In the Republic of Lithuania, protection of the rights of

the child is ensured by:

1) the state and its institutions;

2) municipal institutions;

3)  public  organisations,  whose  activity  is  linked  to

protection of the rights of the child.

2. The state and municipal institutions shall encourage and

support  voluntary activity by public organisations and  also  by

traditional  and state-recognised religious communities,  in  the

sphere of protection of rights of the child.

3. The state and municipal institutions shall establish and

fund institutions (services) for protection of the rights of  the

child, and organise their activity.


Article 59. State Institutions and Protection of the Rights

of the Child

1.   The  President  of  the  Republic,  the  Seimas,  the

Government,  ministries, courts, the Procuracy  and  other  state

institutions shall implement the measures for protection  of  the

rights  of the child and in the realm of their defence, according

to   their  competence,  which  shall  be  established   by   the

Constitution  of the Republic of Lithuania, this  Law  and  other

laws and legal acts.

2. Institutions (services) for protection of the rights  of

the  child shall be responsible for organisation, supervision and

administration of the laws regulating protection of the rights of

the child and other legal acts.

3.  Cases involving violations of the rights of the  child,

linked  with protection of the rights of the child, their defence

and  also  cases, involving law violations committed by children,

must  be  examined as soon as possible. They must be examined  by

judges  especially designated for that purpose or by  specialised

courts, established according to law.


Article  60. Municipal Institutions and Protection  of  the

Rights of the Child

1. Protection of the rights of the child shall be guaranteed

by   the   appropriate   municipal  board,  municipal   executive

institutions, protection of the rights of the child  institutions

(services),  police  inspectors  in  charge  of  minors'  (youth)

affairs,  and also schools and other institutions, which  prepare

and implement measures for protection of the rights of the child,

and prevention of violations of children's rights.

2.  Corresponding laws and other legal acts shall establish

the activity and competence of the institutions cited in part one

of this Article.


Article 61. Public Protection of the Rights of the Child

Public  protection  of the rights of  the  child  shall  be

implemented  through  co-operation of public  organisations  with

state  and  municipal institutions while observing provisions  of

this  Law,  as  well  as  of  other legal  acts,  which  regulate

protection of the rights of the child.



Chapter XI




Article 62. Coming Into Effect and Implementation of the Law

The  Republic  of  Lithuania  Law  on  the  Procedure  for

Implementation of Principles of Protection of the Rights  of  the

Child  shall  establish the coming into force of paragraph  6  of

Article  4,  first  part of Article 10, parts four  and  five  of

Article  12, part three of Article 13, part three of Article  21,

Articles  23  and 25, the second part of Article 35, Article  37,

the  second  part of Article 44, the second part of  Article  45,

Articles 46, 47, 49, and 53, and part three of Article 59 and the

procedure for implementation of this Law.


I  promulgate this Law passed by the Seimas of the Republic

of Lithuania.



Algirdas Brazauskas

President of the Republic



March 14, 1996

No I - 1234