REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

 

LAW

 

ON

 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

 

 

 

Chapter 1

 

General Provisions

 

 

 

Article 1. The Basis for Elections of the President of the 

Republic

 

The President  of the  Republic  shall  be  elected  by  the

citizens of the Republic of Lithuania for a five-year term on the

basis of  universal, equal  and direct  suffrage  and  by  secret

ballot.

 

Article 2. The Right to Candidacy for the Office of

President of the Republic

 

Any person  who is a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania by

birth, who  has lived  in Lithuania  for at  least the past three

years, who  has reached  the age of 40 prior to the election day,

and who  is eligible for election to Seimas member may be elected

President of the Republic.

 

Time  spent  outside  the  boundaries  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania,  if  spent  in  connection  with  political  exile  or

imprisonment for  political convictions  made prior  to 11  March

1990, or with work at diplomatic services or other assignments of

the State  of Lithuania,  shall be  included in  a citizen of the

Republic of Lithuania's period of residence in Lithuania (Amended

5 January 1993).

The same  individual may  be eligible  to the  office of the

President of the Republic for not more than two terms.

 

Article 3. Universal Suffrage

 

Citizens of  the Republic of Lithuania who on the day of the

election are 18 years of age or over shall have the right to vote

for the  President  of  the  Republic.  Citizens  who  have  been

declared incapable by court shall not participate in elections.

Any direct  or indirect  abridgment  of  a  citizen  of  the

Republic of  Lithuania's right  to vote  on the  grounds of their

sex,  race,   nationality,  language,   descent,  social  status,

religion, convictions, or views shall be prohibited.

 

Article 4. Equal Suffrage

 

Every citizen of the Republic of Lithuania who has the right

to vote  for the President of the Republic shall have one vote in

the election.

 

Article 5. Direct Election of the President of the Republic

 

Voters shall  elect the  President of  the Republic  without

mediators.

 

Article 6. Secret Ballot

 

Voters  shall   vote  in   person  and   by  secret  ballot.

Controlling the  will of  the voters  in the  election  shall  be

prohibited.

 

Article 7. Making Public the Preparation and Execution of

Elections

 

State institutions  and electoral  committees shall  prepare

and conduct  the elections  of  the  President  of  the  Republic

publicly. Public  notice must  be given  of all events (meetings,

sessions) related  to the  organisation of  elections at least 12

hours prior to the commencement of the event.

The electoral  committees shall  inform the  citizens  about

their work;

the formation  of electoral districts (apylinke); the composition

of electoral committees, their location and business hours;

the lists of voters; the results of candidate registration to the

post of  the President  of  the  Republic;  and  the  voting  and

election results.

The state  mass media  shall inform  the  public  about  the

preparation and  execution of  the elections  of the President of

the Republic.

Representatives of  all mass  media shall  have the right to

unrestricted  participation   in  all  events  organised  by  the

electoral  committees,  attendance  of  all  electoral  committee

sittings, as  well as  the acquisition  of information  from  the

electoral committees  concerning the preparation and execution of

the elections.

 

Article 8. Expenses Related to the Preparation and Execution

of the Elections

 

The expenses related to the preparation and execution of the

elections of  the President  of the  Republic shall be covered by

the State.

 

 

 

Chapter 2

 

Organisation of Elections

 

 

 

Article 9. Formation of Electoral Districts

 

The territories of towns and districts of the Republic shall

be divided  into electoral  districts. The division of every town

and region  into electoral  districts as well as their number and

size shall  be  established  by  a  town  or  regional  electoral

committee not later than 37 days prior to the election day.

At least 5 thousand electors must reside in the territory of

an electoral district.

Within 5  days from the approval of electoral districts, the

town or  regional electoral  committee shall inform the voters of

the boundaries  of every  electoral  district,  as  well  as  its

quarters and place of polling.

 

Article 10. Electoral Committees

 

The elections  of the  President of  the Republic  shall  be

organised and conducted by:

1) the  Electoral Committee for Elections of the President of the

Republic;

2) the town and district electoral committees; and

3) the electoral committees of electoral districts.

Members of electoral committees may not be candidates to the

office of President of the Republic or agents of such candidates.

 

Article 11. The Electoral Committee for Elections of the

President of the Republic

 

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the  Republic   shall  be   the  supreme   institution  for   the

organisation of elections of the President of the Republic.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the

Republic shall be made up by the Seimas at least 45 days prior to

the election day.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic shall be composed of:

the Committee chairperson;

three persons  who have  higher legal  education and who shall be

chosen by  lot from  six candidates  nominated by the Minister of

Justice; and

three persons  who have  higher legal  education and who shall be

chosen by  lot from  six candidates  nominated by  the Lithuanian

Society of Lawyers.

The Minister  of  Justice  and  the  Lithuanian  Society  of

Lawyers may  propose more  candidates to  the Electoral Committee

for Elections of the President of the Republic.

The drawing  of lots during a sitting of the Seimas shall be

organised by the Seimas Chairperson.

Political parties,  public political  movements, and  public

political organisations  of ethnic minorities which have received

the mandates  of the  Seimas members in multi-candidate electoral

areas shall  each have the right to nominate one candidate to the

Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic from  this one list of candidates (joint list) presented

in a multi-candidate electoral area prior to the formation of the

Electoral  Committee.   The  Seimas   may  not   reject  proposed

candidates.

The Seimas  shall appoint  the chairperson  of the Electoral

Committee for the Elections of the President of the Republic. The

chairperson of  the Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic as well as members of the Committee who

were appointed by lot shall suspend their membership in political

parties,  public   political  movements   and  public   political

organisations if  they are members of such organisations, and may

not  take  part  in  the  activities  of  said  organisations  or

movements or  carry out  their instructions  while working in the

Committee.       The  Electoral Committee  for Elections  of  the

President of  the Republic shall elect the deputy chairperson and

secretary  of  the  Committee  during  its  sitting.  The  deputy

chairperson shall  be elected  from among  the members who do not

represent political parties, public political movements or public

political organisations of ethnic minorities.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  shall be  formed for  the  period  of  presidential

elections and shall lose its powers from the moment the President

of the Republic takes oath.

 

Article 12. The Powers of the Electoral Committee for

Elections of the President of the Republic

 

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic shall:

1) distribute forms for the collection of voters' signatures;

2) register  candidates to  the office  of the  President of  the

Republic and issue them presidential candidacy certificates;

3) establish  the samples  and forms  of ballot-papers  and other

documents used during the elections, as well as packages, stamps,

and samples  for their  completion, and the procedure for sealing

ballot-papers;

4) manage  funds allocated  by the State for the elections of the

President of the Republic;

5) supervise the implementation of this Law;

6) consider  complaints concerning  decisions of town or regional

electoral  committees   and  electoral  committees  of  electoral

districts;

7) establish  and publicize  the results  of the elections of the

President of the Republic;

8) issue  the certificate of the President of the Republic to the

elected candidate;

9) hand  over the  documents of the elections of the President of

the Republic to the State Archive for keeping; and

10) execute other powers provided for in this Law.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  may not interpret the provisions of this Law. If it

is necessary  to do  so, the Electoral Committee for Elections of

the President  of the Republic shall appeal to the Seimas for the

amendment of  this  Law.  The  Seimas  shall  consider  questions

submitted  by  the  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President  of   the  Republic   according  to  the  procedure  of

particular urgency.

 

Article 13. Formation of Town and Regional Electoral

Committees

 

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic shall form town and regional electoral committees at

least 40  days prior  to the day of elections of the President of

the Republic.

Town and regional electoral committees shall be composed of:

individuals who reside or are employed in the said town or region

having higher legal education and whose candidatures are proposed

by the Minister of Justice;

individuals who reside or are employed in the said town or region

having higher legal education and whose candidatures are proposed

by the Lithuanian Society of Lawyers (Amended 19 January 1993).

The Minister  of  Justice  and  the  Lithuanian  Society  of

Lawyers may also propose more candidates.

Political  parties,   public  political   movements  and   public

political organisations  of ethnic minorities which have received

the mandates  of the  members of  the Seimas  from  the  list  of

candidates  (joint   list)  presented   in  the   multi-candidate

electoral  area  shall  each  have  the  right  to  nominate  two

representatives from  this single list of candidates (joint list)

to town  and regional  electoral committees  (Amended 19  January

1993).  The Electoral Committee for Elections of the President of

the Republic  may not  reject said  candidates. In the event that

candidates  are   not  nominated,  the  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of  the  Republic  may  additionally

approve candidates to the Committee who have been proposed by the

Minister of  Justice and  the Lithuanian  Society of  Lawyers  in

their place.

The chairpersons  of town  and regional electoral committees

shall be  appointed by  the Electoral  Committee for Elections of

the President of the Republic. During the first sitting, town and

regional electoral  committees shall  elect a  deputy chairperson

and a  secretary of  the committee.  According to  the  procedure

prescribed  by   this  Article,  more  than  one  town  electoral

committee having  the powers  provided for  in Article 14 of this

Law may be formed in the cities of Vilnius and Kaunas.

 

Article 14. The Powers of Town and Regional Electoral

Committees

 

Town and regional electoral committees shall:

1) divide  the territory  of the  town or  region into  electoral

districts  and   establish  their   boundaries  as  well  as  the

numeration of the electoral districts;

2) inform  the voters who reside in the respective town or region

of the  boundaries of  electoral districts,  the quarters  of the

town or  regional electoral  committee, the working hours and the

polling place;

3) supervise  the implementation  of this  Law in  the respective

town or region;

4) draw up the records of vote calculation in the town or region;

5)  consider   appeals  against  decisions  and  actions  of  the

electoral committees  of electoral  districts and adopt decisions

concerning them; and

6) exercise other powers provided for in this Law.

 

Article 15. Formation of Electoral Committees of Electoral

Districts

 

Electoral committees  of electoral districts shall be formed

by the  town and  regional electoral  committees at least 36 days

prior to  the day  of the  elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic. Electoral  committees of  electoral districts  shall be

composed of  proposed candidates  of  political  parties,  public

political movements  and public political organisations of ethnic

minorities which  have received  mandates of  the Seimas  members

from the  list  of  candidates  (joint  list)  presented  in  the

multicandidate electoral  area. These  political parties,  public

political movements  and public political organisations of ethnic

minorities  shall  have  the  right  to  propose  as  many  as  3

candidates to  the electoral committee of the electoral district.

If candidates  are not  proposed,  town  and  regional  electoral

committees   may    proportionally   enlarge    the   amount   of

representatives of the indicated political powers.

Town  and  regional  electoral  committees  may  not  reject

candidates who  have been  indicated in this Article and who have

been proposed to electoral committees of electoral districts.

Chairpersons  of   electoral  committees  of  the  electoral

districts shall  be appointed  by the town and regional electoral

committees. Electoral  committees of  electoral  districts  shall

elect a  deputy chairperson  and a  secretary  of  the  electoral

committee during their first sitting.

 

Article 16. The Powers of Electoral Committees of Electoral

Districts

 

Electoral committees of electoral districts shall:

1) receive  lists of  voters from  the administrative  bodies  of

local governments, correct and approve them;

2) register  voters on  the  list  of  voters  of  the  electoral

district if  the conditions  provided for in part 2 of Article 24

of this Law are present;

3) consider complaints concerning errors made in voter lists;

4) submit  the list  of voters  of the  electoral district to the

town or  regional electoral  committee at  least 25 days prior to

the day of the elections;

5) hand  voting certificates to voters or distribute them in some

other way;

6) guarantee  the furnishing  of voting premises and ballot-boxes

in accordance with the requirements of this Law;

7) organise  voting in  the electoral  district  on  the  day  of

elections;

8) calculate votes and draw up the records therefor;

9) consider appeals and adopt decisions related thereto of voters

and observers  of their  respective electoral  district on issues

concerning the  preparation of  elections,  the  organisation  of

voting, and  the calculation  of votes  and  the  drawing  up  of

records thereof; and

10) exercise other powers provided for in this Law.

 

Article 17. Organisation of Electoral Committee Work

 

Sittings of  electoral committees  shall be  valid  provided

that at least three-fifths of the members of the committee are in

attendance. Decisions  made by  the committee shall be adopted by

open, majority  vote. In  the event  of a tie vote, the committee

chairperson's  vote  shall  have  power  of  decision.  Committee

members not  in agreement with a decision shall have the right to

state a  different  opinion  in  writing,  which  shall  then  be

appended to the minutes of the meeting.

Upon the  completion of  voting, the electoral committees of

electoral  districts  as  well  as  town  or  regional  electoral

committees may  only adopt decisions related to the drawing up of

records of the calculation of votes.

All electoral  committee sittings shall be public. The right

to participate therein shall be granted to observers appointed by

political parties  and public political movements, candidates who

have nominated  themselves to  the office of the President of the

Republic, as  well as  agents of  candidates to the office of the

President of  the Republic and representatives of all mass media.

No  individual  shall  have  the  right  to  organise  non-public

sittings of electoral committees.

While  exercising  their  duties  in  electoral  committees,

chairpersons and  members of  such committees shall be prohibited

from any form of campaigning or attempts to influence the voters'

will in any other way. Individuals who have violated this Law may

be dismissed from the committee.

 

Article 18. Appeals Concerning Decisions of Electoral

Committees which are Adopted prior to the

Completion of Voting

 

All political parties and political organisations which have

nominated  a   presidential  candidate,  as  well  as  agents  of

candidates to  the office  of the  President of  the Republic may

appeal against the decisions of electoral committees according to

the following procedure:

1) for decisions of electoral committees of electoral districts -

to the town or regional electoral committee;

2) for  decisions of  town or  regional electoral committees - to

the Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the

Republic; and

3) for  decisions of the Electoral Committee for Elections of the

President of the Republic - to the Supreme Court.

Appeals must  be considered  within 48 hours of the time the

appeal is  submitted. Non-working  days shall also be included in

this period. The decision of the Supreme Court shall be final.

 

Article 19. Appeals Concerning Decisions of Electoral

Committees which are Adopted after the Completion

of Voting

 

All political parties and political organisations which have

nominated presidential  candidates, as  well  as  the  agents  of

candidates to  the office  of the  President of the Republic, may

appeal to  the town  or regional electoral committees against the

decisions  of   electoral  committees   of  electoral   districts

concerning the  drawing up of records of the calculation of votes

not later than within 24 hours of their adoption.

Such appeals  must be  considered not  later than  within 24

hours. Town  or regional  electoral  committees,  in  considering

appeals concerning  the drawing  up of records of the calculation

of  votes,   may  recount  the  ballot-papers  presented  by  the

electoral committee  of an  electoral district, provided at least

three-fifths of  the town or regional electoral committee members

are  present.   Upon  establishing   an  arithmetic   mistake  or

incorrectly  calculated   valid  or  invalid  ballot-papers,  the

committee may amend the records of the calculation of votes. Town

or regional  electoral committees  shall not  have the  right  to

declare invalid  the records of the calculation of votes drawn up

by electoral committees of electoral districts.

The decisions  of the  Electoral Committee  for Elections of

the President  of the  Republic may  be appealed  against to  the

Supreme Court not later than within 2 days of their adoption, and

must be  considered not  later than  within 48  hours. This  term

shall also include non-working days.

The decision  of the  Supreme Court  shall be  final and its

execution shall  be binding  upon  the  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic. While  considering

appeals against  the decisions  of  town  or  regional  electoral

committees  concerning   the  drawing   up  of   records  of  the

calculation  of  votes  in  a  respective  town  or  region,  the

Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic may  re-count the ballot-papers presented by the town or

regional electoral committee.

Upon  establishing  an  arithmetic  mistake  or  incorrectly

calculated ballot-papers,  the Committee may amend the entries in

the records  of the  calculation of votes of the respective town,

region  or   electoral  district.  The  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic shall  not have the

right  to  declare  invalid  town  or  regional  records  of  the

calculation of votes.

 

Article 20. Assistance for Electoral Committees

 

State institutions,  firms, offices  and  organisations  and

their officials  must assist  electoral committees  in exercising

their powers,  and must  furnish them with necessary information.

State institutions,  firms, offices  and organisations  and their

officials  must   consider  requests   submitted   by   electoral

committees and give the electoral committees a justified response

not later than within 3 days.

Electoral committees  may  employ  the  required  number  of

personnel  for  assistance  work.  Local  governments  and  State

institutions and  organisations must provide electoral committees

with premises  and equipment for the preparation and execution of

elections.

 

Article 21. Remuneration for Electoral Committee Members

 

Chairpersons and  members of  electoral committees  shall be

paid  salaries   for  their   work  in  electoral  committees  in

accordance with  rates submitted  by the  Electoral Committee for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic and approved by the

Government. Chairpersons  and members of electoral committees who

are employed in firms, offices and organisations, and who are not

receiving wages  due to  their involvement in electoral committee

activities shall  be paid  by the  State an  amount not exceeding

their average monthly salary.

 

Article 22. Changing the Members of Electoral Committees

 

Chairpersons and  members of  electoral  committees  may  be

dismissed from  their posts  in the  committee by the institution

which approved  the composition  of the  committee. As necessary,

new chairpersons  or members  of electoral  committees  shall  be

appointed according to the procedure established by this Law.

 

 

Chapter 3

 

Voter Lists

 

 

 

Article 23. Compiling Voter Lists

 

For the  execution of  elections, voter  lists of  electoral

districts shall  be compiled. Said lists shall be compiled by the

appropriate administrative  institutions  of  local  governments,

shall be  signed by  their chief officers, and shall be delivered

to the  electoral committees  of electoral  districts at least 35

days prior to the day of election.

Electoral committees of electoral districts shall review and

approve voter  lists. Approved voter lists shall be signed by the

chairperson and secretary of the electoral committee.

 

Article 24. General Procedure for Registering Citizens in

Voter Lists

 

Citizens of  the Republic of Lithuania who have the right to

vote and  who, at  the time  the  voter  list  is  compiled,  are

permanently  residing   on  the   territory  of  that  particular

electoral district,  shall be  included in  the district's  voter

list. In  the event  that a  voter changes his permanent place of

residence after  the compilation  of lists  begins, he  shall  be

registered in  the voter  list of  the new place of residence. In

such a  case,  the  voter  must  submit  an  application  to  the

electoral committee of the latter territory concerning his or her

registration in  the voter  list at  least 30  days prior  to the

election. The  electoral committee of the electoral district must

see to  it that the voter's name is struck from the voter list of

the  electoral   district  of   the  former  permanent  place  of

residence.

 

Article 25. Registration of Voters in Only One List

 

Each voter  may only  be registered  in one voter list. This

shall be checked by the town or regional electoral committees and

the Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the

Republic.  Upon establishing that a voter's name is registered in

the voter  lists of several electoral districts, town or regional

electoral committees  as well  as  the  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic shall  address  the

voter within  20 days  of the  election day,  requesting that  he

announce within  5 days  which electoral district's voter list he

wishes to  be registered  in. If  the voter  fails to  make  this

choice within the established period, the Electoral Committee for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic shall  include  the

voter's name  in the  voter list of the electoral district where,

in their  opinion, it  would be  more convenient for the voter to

vote, and  shall inform  the voter  thereof within  3 days.  Such

decisions  of  the  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic may not be appealed.

 

 

Article 26. Public Announcement of Voter Lists

 

At least 20 days prior to the election, the town or regional

electoral committees  shall announce  publicly the compilation of

voter lists  and shall  provide conditions  for the voters to get

acquainted with  the lists, indicating the time and place for the

voters to implement this right.

 

Article 27. Reviewing Voter Lists

 

Any voter  may submit  remarks concerning  inaccuracies in a

voter list  to the  electoral committee of an electoral district.

The electoral  committee of  the electoral district must consider

the remarks  and adopt  a decision thereon within 48 hours of the

receipt  thereof.   The  decisions  of  electoral  committees  of

electoral districts  may be  appealed  against  to  the  town  or

regional electoral  committee within  48 hours  of the acceptance

thereof.   The town  or regional electoral committee must adopt a

relevant  decision   within  48  hours  of  the  receipt  of  the

complaint. The  town or  regional electoral  committee's decision

shall be final.

 

Article 28. Appeals Concerning Restoration of the Right to

Vote

 

A voter  may submit complaints to the electoral committee of

an electoral  district concerning  errors made  in the voter list

which hinder  the voter  from implementing  his or  her right  to

vote. The  electoral committee  of the  electoral  district  must

consider the complaint and adopt a decision not later than within

24 hours of the receipt thereof.

The decision  of the  electoral committee  of the  electoral

district may  be appealed against within 48 hours to the district

court, which  shall consider  the complaint  within 24 hours. The

district court's  decision shall  be final.  Remarks as  well  as

complaints which are submitted later than 24 hours of the opening

of elections shall not be considered.

 

Article 29. Town and Regional Voter Lists

 

Town and regional voter lists shall be made at least 25 days

prior to  the day  of election  by the town or regional electoral

committees  according   to  the  lists  of  voters  of  electoral

districts submitted by the electoral district committees.

 

Article 30. List of Voters of the Republic of Lithuania

 

The list  of voters  of the  Republic of  Lithuania shall be

compiled  by   the  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of  the Republic  according  to  the  lists  of  voters

submitted by the town or regional electoral committees as well as

the lists of voters residing abroad at least 20 days prior to the

day of the election.

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4

 

Nomination of Candidates to the Office of President of the

Republic

 

 

 

Article 31. Nomination of Candidates to the Office of the

President of the Republic

 

Individual persons  may nominate themselves to the office of

President of the Republic.

Political parties  and political  organisations may nominate

and  support  candidates  to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic. The  number of candidates to the office of President of

the Republic  shall not  be limited. The nomination of candidates

shall begin  the next  day after  the formation  of the Electoral

Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the  Republic, and

shall end at least 40 days prior to the day of elections.

 

Article 32. Declaration of an Individual's Participation in

the Elections as a Candidate to the Office of

President of the Republic

 

Individuals who  have been  nominated or  who have nominated

themselves to  the office  of  President  of  the  Republic  must

declare their nomination to the Electoral Committee for Elections

of the President at least 40 days prior to the election.

If an  individual is  nominated  by  a  political  party  or

political  organisation   to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic, this  decision of  theirs shall  also be  presented  in

writing.

Documents confirming  the identity  of the  candidate  shall

also be  submitted and  a deposit  equaling five  average monthly

salaries shall be paid. Having collected twenty thousand (20,000)

voter signatures as provided in Article 79 of the Constitution of

the Republic of Lithuania, the total deposit shall be refunded to

the individual who has paid it.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  shall, not later than within 3 days (including non-

working days),  confirm that  none of the conditions indicated in

Article 78 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania which

prohibit an  individual to  be  a  candidate  to  the  office  of

President of the Republic are present, and shall adopt a grounded

decision on whether or not to issue the individual forms with the

name and  surname of  the  candidate  to  the  President  of  the

Republic for the collection of voter signatures. Refusal to issue

the forms  for the collection of voter signatures may be appealed

against to  the Supreme  Court not  later than within 3 days, and

that appeal shall be considered not later than within 72 hours of

its submission.  This term  shall include  non-working days.  The

decision of the Supreme Court shall be final.

 

Article 33. The Collection of Voter Signatures

 

At least  twenty thousand  voter signatures as prescribed in

Article 79  of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania must

be collected  on the form for the collection of voter signatures,

which shall contain the following text:

 

 

 

I, as  a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania, confirm my support

for the application of

 

 

 

.................................................................

.................................................................

.............................

 

(the person's name, surname)

to participate  in the  (month, day  and  year)  elections  as  a

candidate  to   the  office  of  President  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania.

 

 

 

Serial   No, Individual's   Surnameā€ž Name, Series and No  of the

Document    Confirming  Citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania,

Place of  Birth   , Permanent  Place of  Residence, Signature and

Date

 

 

The name and surname of the individual who has collected the

signatures shall  be indicated at the bottom of the page, as well

as  the   series  and  number  of  the  document  confirming  his

citizenship of  the Republic of Lithuania, his permanent place of

residence, and signature.

All information  on forms  for the  collection of signatures

shall be filled out by the voters themselves. Voters may sign for

each candidate  to the  office of  President of the Republic, but

may only sign for each candidate once.

Forms for  the  collection  of  voter  signatures  shall  be

directly issued  by the  Electoral Committee for Elections of the

President of  the Republic  to individuals  who have announced in

writing their participation as candidates in the elections of the

President of  the Republic and, upon the request of these persons

- to persons indicated by them.

 

Article 34. Registration of Candidates to the Office of the

President of the Republic

 

At least  25 days  prior to  the elections,  individuals who

have  been   nominated  or   who  have  nominated  themselves  as

candidates to  the office  of the  President of the Republic must

submit voter  signature  collection  forms  containing  at  least

twenty thousand  voter signatures  to the Electoral Committee for

Elections of  the President of the Republic which issued the said

forms.

Individuals who  have been  nominated or  who have nominated

themselves as  candidates to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic may  submit a  certificate of  their health condition to

the Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the

Republic. The  Electoral Committee for Elections of the President

of the  Republic shall  announce such  certificates through  mass

media.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  shall confirm  that the forms for the collection of

voter signatures  have been  completed correctly  not later  than

within 24  hours of  the receipt thereof. In the event that it is

discovered that  a citizen has signed for the same candidate more

than once,  none of  that voter's  signatures shall  be  counted.

Signatures of  persons who  did not  record all  of the necessary

information or  who recorded  incorrect information shall also be

annulled.

If, after  all invalid  votes are cast off, the candidate to

the office  of President of the Republic has the signatures of at

least twenty  thousand of  voters, the  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic shall  register the

individual as  a candidate  to the  office of  President  of  the

Republic not later than within 3 hours.

Refusal of  the Electoral  Committee for  Elections  of  the

President  of  the  Republic  to  register  an  individual  as  a

candidate to  the office  of President  of the  Republic  may  be

appealed against  to the  Supreme Court  not later  than within 3

days (including  non-working days),  and the  Court must consider

the appeal  within 48  hours. The  decision of  the Supreme Court

shall be final.

Individuals who  have been  nominated or  who have nominated

themselves as  candidates to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic shall  acquire the  status of candidate to the office of

President of  the Republic  upon their registration as candidates

to the  office of  President of  the Republic  with the Electoral

Committee for Elections of the President of the Republic.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the  Republic   shall  officially   announce  the   list  of  all

individuals who  have been registered as candidates to the office

of President  of the  Republic no later than 22 days prior to the

day of  the elections,  and shall issue certificates of candidacy

to the  office of  President of  the Republic  within at  least 3

hours of the announcement thereof.

The campaign  for elections of the President of the Republic

shall commence  on the  day of  the official  announcement of the

list of candidates to the office of President of the Republic.

 

Article 35. Agents of Candidates to the Office of President

of the Republic

 

Individuals who  have been  registered as  candidates to the

office of  President of the Republic shall have the right to have

their own  agents. Candidates  to the  office of President of the

Republic shall  submit their  list of  agents  to  the  Electoral

Committee for  Elections of  the President of the Republic, which

shall, not  later than  within 24 hours, issue agent certificates

(indicating the  name and surname of the candidate) to the agents

of the candidates to the office of President of the Republic.

On the  instruction  of  the  candidate  to  the  office  of

President of  the Republic,  an agent  of the  candidate  to  the

office of  President of  the Republic  shall have  the  right  to

represent the  candidate in  meetings with voters and in the mass

media, to  raise funds  for financing the elections, and to carry

out  other  instructions  of  the  candidate  to  the  office  of

President of the Republic which do not contradict laws.

Candidates to the office of President of the Republic may at

any time recall their agents in writing. An agent shall be deemed

recalled from  the moment the declaration thereon is submitted to

the Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the

Republic.

 

Article 36. Observers of the Elections of the President

of the Republic

 

All political parties and political organisations which have

nominated an individual as a candidate to the office of President

of the  Republic as well as candidates to the office of President

of the  Republic shall  have the  right  to  appoint  in  writing

observers to  each electoral committee. Observer of the Elections

of  President  of  the  Republic  certificates  shall  be  issued

immediately. The certificates shall be issued by:

1) the  Electoral Committee for Elections of the President of the

Republic -  to observers  who have  been appointed to observe the

activities of  the  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of  the Republic  as well  as the activities of town or

regional electoral committees; and

2) town  or regional electoral committees - to observers who have

been  appointed  to  observe  the  activities  of  the  electoral

committees of electoral districts.

Election observers shall have the right to be present at the

sittings of  electoral committees whose activities they have been

appointed to  observe and  to demand  that  the  chairperson  and

members of the electoral committee observe this Law.

Protests presented by observers in writing shall be attached

to the records and decisions of the electoral committee. In cases

provided  for   in  this  Law  and  according  to  the  procedure

established therein,  observers shall  have the  right to  appeal

against the  decisions of  electoral committees. Organisations as

well as candidates to the office of President of the Republic who

have appointed  observers shall  have the  right  to  recall  the

observer in  writing at  any time.  The observer  shall be deemed

recalled from  the moment  the declaration of recall is submitted

to  the   electoral  committee   which  issued   the   observer's

certificate to the individual.

 

 

 

Chapter 5

 

Guarantees of the Activities of Candidates to the Office of

President of the Republic

 

 

 

Article 37. The Right of Candidates to the Office of

President of the Republic to Speak at Meetings or

through Mass Media

 

After the  official publication  of the  list of candidates,

the candidates  to the  office of President of the Republic shall

have equal  right to  speak at  voter meetings  or at  any  other

meetings, gatherings,  or conferences,  and to utilize state mass

media and publicize their election programme.

Heads of  state institutions  of power and government must assist

the candidates  to the  office of  President of  the Republic  to

organise  meetings   with  voters   and   to   obtain   necessary

information, with the exception of confidential information.

 

Article 38. The Right of Candidates to the Office of

President of the Republic to be Relieved from

Work or Service Duties During the Election

Campaign

 

Upon his  or her  request, a  candidate  to  the  office  of

President of  the Republic  may be  relieved from work or service

duties for  the period of the election campaign but for no longer

than 2  months.   During this period, the candidate shall be paid

two average monthly wages from State resources.

 

Article 39. The Immunity of the Person of a Candidate to the

Office of President of the Republic

 

During the  election campaign  and  directly  following  the

elections, candidates  to the office of President of the Republic

may not  be found criminally responsible or arrested, and may not

be imposed  with administrative  penalties  by  court  for  their

actions during  the election  campaign of  the President  of  the

Republic.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President  of the

Republic shall  see to the protection of candidates to the office

of President of the Republic.

 

Article 40. Amenability for the Violation of the Republic of

Lithuania Law on Presidential Elections

 

Individuals who  obstruct,  by  means  of  violence,  fraud,

threats, or any other way, the implementation the right of voters

to elect  the President  of the Republic, and the organisation of

campaigning, as  well as  the members of electoral committees and

other officials  who have  falsified documents  of the  election,

intentionally counted  the votes  incorrectly, or violated voting

secrecy, or  this Law  in any  other  way  shall  be  responsible

according to the laws of the Republic of Lithuania. Legal actions

shall be  also brought  against individuals who have announced or

publicized in  any  other  way  false  information  concerning  a

candidate to the office of President of the Republic, or who have

interfered with a candidate's meeting with voters.

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6

 

Campaigning

 

 

 

Article 41. The Basic Principles of Campaigning

 

Political parties  and political  organisations, as  well as

citizens and  candidates  to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic may  begin campaigning  from the day the campaign of the

elections of  the President  of the  Republic starts to which the

provisions of this Chapter shall be applicable.

Campaigning may  be conducted in any form or manner provided

that they  do not  contradict the  Constitution and  laws of  the

Republic of  Lithuania. The  commencement of campaigning shall be

declared  by   the  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic.

 

Article 42. Conditions and Procedure for the Use of Mass

Media

 

Candidates to  the office of President of the Republic shall

all have equal opportunity to use State mass media free of charge

for the  purpose of  campaigning. The actual duration and time of

radio  and   television  programmes  used  for  each  candidate's

campaign for the elections of the President of the Republic shall

be established  by the  Electoral Committee  for the Elections of

the President  of the Republic in coordination with the radio and

television administration  and set in a manner which ensures that

principals of equality are maintained among the candidates to the

office of President of the Republic.

Candidates to  the office  of President  of the Republic may

use the  time allotted  to them in State mass media themselves or

may permit political parties or political organisations indicated

by  them,   as  well  as  to  their  agents  or  other  specified

individuals, to conduct campaigning at the fixed time.

Only the  special account  of the Elections of the President

of the  Republic shall  limit campaigning  in the commercial mass

media.

All disputes  concerning campaigning shall be settled by the

Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic, which shall base itself on the principle of equality of

rights to  candidates to the office of President of the Republic.

Upon the  demand of a candidate to the office of President of the

Republic  or   the  candidate's   agent,  mass  media  which  has

publicised compromising  material about the said candidate to the

office of  President of  the Republic must publicise the response

of the candidate or his agent at least 5 days prior to the day of

election.

 

Article 43. Prohibition of Officers of State Institutions

from Influencing the Will of the Voters

 

During election  campaigns, officers  of State  institutions

and employees  of the  mass media  shall be prohibited from using

their official  duties for  campaigning or  otherwise influencing

the will of voters.

If  such   individuals  are  candidates  to  the  office  of

President of  the Republic,  they may  only use the mass media in

accordance with  the procedure  set forth  in Article  42 of this

Law. If  they are  required, in order to fulfill their duties, to

announce important news to the mass media, they may only do so at

a press conference.

 

Article 44. Financing Campaigning

 

Campaigning shall  be financed  from State resources as well

as from  resources raised  by  political  parties  and  political

organisations, and  citizens and  candidates  to  the  office  of

President of  the Republic  and which  shall  be  accumulated  in

special accounts  for Elections  of the President of the Republic

in the Savings Bank of Lithuania as well as its branches.

Candidates shall  be paid  from State  resources on an equal

basis for  the time  on  State  radio  and  television  which  is

allotted to  them, the  printing  of  campaign  poster,  and  the

publishing of  election  programmes.  The  utilisation  of  funds

allocated for  campaigning shall  be controlled  by the Electoral

Committee for  Elections of the President and by the Savings Bank

of Lithuania.  The  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic and the Savings Bank of Lithuania shall

publicise the  report concerning  utilisation of  State resources

for campaigning  in the press not later than within 15 days after

the election of the President of the Republic.

Candidates to  the office  of President  of the Republic, as

well as the elected President of the Republic, shall announce all

funds  which   were  received  and  utilised  for  the  elections

(indicating their  sources) in the press not later than within 30

days after the election of the President of the Republic.

 

Article 45. Prohibition of Campaigning on the Day of

Election

 

Campaigning shall be prohibited during the 24 hours prior to

the commencement of elections and on the day of elections. During

this time, no campaign posters, with the exception of those which

are issued  by the  Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic, may be put up within a 50 metre radius

of the voting places.

 

 

Chapter 7

 

Preparatory Activities for the Organisation of Elections

 

 

 

Article 46. Ballot-papers

 

For elections  of the  President of the Republic, each voter

shall be  presented with  a ballot-paper  which shall contain the

name and  surname of each candidate to the office of President of

the Republic.  Candidates to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic shall be listed in alphabetic order.

 

Article 47. Delivery of Ballot-papers

 

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  shall deliver  ballot-papers and  envelopes to town

and regional  electoral committees  at least 10 days prior to the

day of  election. Town  and regional  electoral committees  shall

recount the  received ballot-papers  and envelopes and shall draw

up a report of the receipt thereof.

Town and regional electoral committees shall deliver ballot-

papers to  the electoral  committees of  electoral  districts  at

least one  day prior  to the  day  of  elections.  The  electoral

committees of electoral districts shall recount the ballot-papers

and draw up a report of the receipt thereof.

Town and regional electoral committees shall deliver ballot-

papers and  envelopes to  post offices at least 7 days before the

day of  election. At  diplomatic  missions  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania and  on ships which are sailing under the national flag

of the  Republic of  Lithuania, voters must be provided with free

access to ballot-papers and envelopes for voting by mail at least

10 days prior to the day of election.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  shall be responsible for the issue, calculation and

delivery of  ballot-papers and  envelopes  within  the  indicated

period.

 

Article 48. Voter Certificates

 

Voter certificates shall be delivered to each voter at least

10 days prior to the day of election. Voter certificates shall be

sent or distributed in another way by the electoral committees of

electoral districts  which shall indicate this on the voter list.

If a  voter's certificate  is not  delivered through the fault of

the electoral  committee of  an electoral  district, it  must  be

issued immediately upon the voter's demand.

Upon written  application, a voter may be issued a duplicate

voter's certificate.

Voter certificates shall contain:

1) the number of the town or regional electoral committee;

2) the  number  of  the  electoral  committee  of  the  electoral

district;

3) the  voter's sequence  number in  the electoral district voter

list;

4) the voter's name and surname;

5) the voter's permanent place of residence; and

6) the address of the polling place.

 

 

 

Chapter 8

 

Voting

 

 

 

Article 49. Time and Place of Voting

 

Voting shall  take place  on the day of election from 7 a.m.

to 9  p.m. in  the polling  place  designated  by  the  electoral

committee. Voters  shall only  vote in  the electoral district in

whose voter  list their  names have been included. Votes received

by mail  shall be  valid only  in the electoral district in whose

voter list the name of the voter has been included.

 

Article 50. Preparation of Polling Places

 

Requirements for  the preparation of polling places shall be

established by  the Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic.

Voting booths  must be  set up  in such a way that nobody is

able to see the voter who is inside. The text of this Law must be

accessible to  each voter  in all  electoral districts.  No other

political actions except the organisation of elections and voting

may be conducted in the polling place.

 

Article 51. Commencement of Voting

 

On the  day of  election, the  polling place shall be opened

only if at least 3/5 of the members of the electoral committee of

the electoral  district are present. Then, the chairperson of the

electoral committee, together with other members of the electoral

committee, shall make sure that the ballot-box is empty and shall

seal it. Having checked that the polling place has been furnished

without violating  the established  requirements, the chairperson

of the  electoral  committee  of  the  electoral  district  shall

enregister the  total number  of the  received ballot-papers into

the record  of the  calculation of  votes, distribute the ballot-

papers and  voter  lists  among  the  members  of  the  electoral

committee, register the number of ballot-papers distributed among

each  electoral   committee  member   into  the   record  of  the

calculation  of   votes,  and  open  the  voting  place,  thereby

proclaiming the commencement of the elections.

 

Article 52. Voter Identification

 

Upon arriving  at the polling place, voters shall present to

a member  of the  electoral committee  of the  electoral district

their voter  certificates as  well as  their passports  or  other

documents certifying  their identity  and citizenship,  and shall

sign in  on the  voter list.  Voter  certificates  shall  not  be

returned to  the voters.  A ballot-paper  shall be  handed to the

voter only  after the  voter has signed. In voting by mail, there

shall be  an entry  made on  the voter certificate concerning the

issue of  a ballot-paper,  and the  voter  certificate  shall  be

returned to the voter.

It shall  be prohibited  to issue  a voter  another  voter's

ballot-paper. Members  of electoral  committees who  violate this

provision shall be liable by law.

 

Article 53. Voting Procedure

 

Having been handed the ballot-paper, the voter shall go into

a voting booth and mark the ballot personally. The voter may only

enter the  voting booth  alone. The  only exceptions  shall be in

cases provided for in part 5 of this Article.

On the  ballot-paper, the  voter shall  mark the name of the

candidate for  whom he  is voting.  Voters shall  personally cast

their marked  ballot-papers into the ballot-box. Upon the request

of a  voter, faulty ballot-papers shall be exchanged for new ones

by the  decision of  the electoral  committee  of  the  electoral

district. The  chairperson of the electoral committee shall cross

out the  faulty ballot  paper in  ink (ball-point  pen) and shall

sign it. The electoral committee secretary and one of the members

shall also  sign the  faulty ballot-paper.  Faulty  ballot-papers

shall be kept separately.

Voters who are physically unable to mark their ballot-papers

themselves or cast them into the ballot-box may designate another

person to  mark the  ballot-paper and cast it into the ballot-box

for them. Electoral Committee chairpersons or members, as well as

election observers,  shall be  prohibited from  carrying out such

actions for voters.

 

Article 54. Voting by Mail

 

Voting by  mail shall  be possible  at post  offices  during

business hours  beginning 7  days before  the election and ending

one day before the election if the voter is put on the voter list

of that  town or  region, and  ending two days before election if

the voter is not put on the voter list of that town or region.

Expenses related  to voting  by mail shall be covered by the

State.

The head  of the  post office  shall be  responsible for the

organization of  voting by  mail and shall be responsible for the

issue and  collection  of  ballot-papers  and  voucher  envelopes

during voting by mail.

An officer(s)  shall be  appointed responsible for the issue

and collection  of ballot-papers  and  voucher  envelopes  during

voting by mail.

 

 

Post offices  must provide  a place for voters to mark their

ballot-papers  and   put  them  into  voucher  envelopes  without

interference.

Voting by  mail shall  be conducted  in accordance  with the

procedure established in Articles 52 and 53 of this Law, with the

exception of  the procedure  for casting  ballot-papers into  the

ballot-box.  The voter shall be given envelopes together with the

ballot-paper for voting by mail.

The voter shall put the marked ballot-paper into the voucher

envelope  and   seal  it.   Then,  together   with  the   voter's

certificate, the  voter shall  put the  voucher envelope  into an

outer envelope  and seal that as well. The post office seal shall

be stamped on the outer envelope.

Envelopes for  voting by  mail shall  be  addressed  to  the

electoral committee  of the  electoral district  in the  list  of

voters wherein the voter is registered.

Outer envelopes,  voucher envelopes  and ballot-papers shall

be delivered  at least  2 days  prior to the election by a postal

worker to  the homes of voters who are not able to move. The list

of voters  who are  unable to  move shall  be compiled at least 7

days before  the election  by the electoral district committee in

accordance with  documents  submitted  in  writing  by  town  and

regional social care and welfare institutions.

Post officials,  members of  electoral committees  or  other

persons may  not bring  outer envelopes,  voucher  envelopes  and

ballot-papers to  the homes  of voters  who are not registered on

the list of immobile voters.

Voters may:

1) hand  the sealed  outer envelope (with the voters certificate,

voucher envelope  and  ballot-paper  in  it)  to  a  post  office

official;

2) hand  the sealed  outer envelope  to  the  postal  worker  who

delivered the election documents; or

3) put the sealed outer envelope into a postbox.

 

Article 55. Voting in Diplomatic Missions

 

Voting may take place in diplomatic missions (consulates) of

the Republic  of Lithuania during working hours. At least 4 hours

must be allotted for this every day. Voting days (at least 5) for

each diplomatic  mission (consulate)  shall be established by the

Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic in  coordination with  the Ministry  of Foreign Affairs.

The list  of diplomatic  missions (consulates)  in  which  voting

shall take place shall be compiled by the Electoral Committee for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic in conjunction with

the Ministry  of Foreign  Affairs. The  head  of  the  diplomatic

mission (consulate)  shall be responsible for the organization of

voting.

 

Article 56. Voting on Ships Sailing under the Lithuanian

State Flag

 

Voting shall  take place on board ships which sail under the

State flag  of Lithuanian  if the  ship  leaves  a  port  of  the

Republic of Lithuania at least 6 days prior the election and does

not return  before the  election  day,  or  if  there  are  other

circumstances which make it impossible for a crew member or board

passenger having  the right  to vote  to vote  in his  or her own

electoral district or by mail.

The list  of ships  in which voting shall take place and the

time of voting in each ship shall be established by the Electoral

Committee for  Elections of  the President  of  the  Republic  in

cooperation with  competent services  and the Ministry of Foreign

Affairs in such a manner which makes it possible for each citizen

of the  Republic of Lithuania who is on board a ship to vote. The

captain or  assistant captain  of the ship, being citizens of the

Republic of  Lithuania, shall be responsible for the organization

of voting on board the ship.

 

Article 57. The Procedure for Voting in Diplomatic Missions

of the Republic of Lithuania and on Board Ships

which are Sailing under the State Flag of

Lithuania

 

The procedure  for voting  in  diplomatic  missions  of  the

Republic of  Lithuania and  on ships sailing under the State flag

of Lithuania  shall be established by the Electoral Committee for

Elections of the President of the Republic.

 

Article 58. Voting in Medical, Social Care and Welfare

Institutions

 

Special  post   offices  designated   for  voting  shall  be

established in  medical, social  care and  welfare  institutions.

Patients of  such institutions  who are  able to  move shall vote

personally in  the polling place in accordance with the procedure

established in Article 54 of this Law.

Patients and inmates of medical and welfare institutions who

are not able to move shall be visited by officials of the special

post office  who shall  be  approved  by  the  town  or  regional

electoral committees. The person voting must, in conditions which

are created  for his  or her privacy, personally mark the ballot-

paper and put it into a voucher envelope. If necessary, the voter

may be  aided by  a person  whom  he  or  she  trusts  (with  the

exception of  post office  and medical  and  welfare  institution

employees, and election observers).

Under the  instruction of  the head  of the  medical, social

care or  welfare institution,  it may  be prohibited  to  disturb

patients who are in bad health for the purpose of voting. Such an

instruction shall be obligatory to electoral committees.

It shall  also be  prohibited to  disturb a  person for  the

purpose of  voting  if,  in  the  procedure  established  by  the

Ministry of  Health Care,  a commission  of doctors  has drawn  a

conclusion that,  at the  time of voting, the person is incapable

of understanding  the essence  of  his  or  her  actions  and  of

controlling them due to chronic mental disease, feeblemindedness,

or temporary mental disorder.

 

Article 59. Voting in Military Units

 

Special  post   offices  designated   for  voting  shall  be

established in  units of the national defence system and internal

service. In  accordance with opportunities, the chief officers of

military units shall provide conditions for servicemen to vote in

the electoral districts of their permanent place of residence.

 

Article 60. Voting in Places of Imprisonment

 

Special  post   offices  designated   for  voting  shall  be

established  in  places  of  imprisonment.  Heads  of  places  of

imprisonment may  allow sentenced  persons to  vote in  electoral

districts of  their permanent place of residence in the procedure

established by laws.

 

 

 

Chapter 9

 

Calculation of Votes and Establishment of Voting Results

 

 

 

Article 61. Calculation of Voucher Envelopes and

Ballot-Papers in Post Offices

 

Post office  heads shall return unused envelopes and ballot-

papers to  town and  regional electoral committees one day before

the elections.

Registration of voucher envelopes and ballot-papers shall be

conducted by  the head  of the post office in a journal specially

designated for  that purpose  in accordance  with  the  procedure

established by  the Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the

President of the Republic.

The post office shall deliver envelopes containing ballot- papers

marked by  voters to  electoral committees of electoral districts

on the  day of  election, but  not later  than 2 hours before the

closing of the election. The Electoral Committee for Elections of

the President  of the  Republic shall conduct the registration of

voucher envelopes and ballot-papers in the Republic.

 

Article 62. Calculation of Ballot-Papers in Electoral

Districts

 

Upon the  closing of a polling place, the chairperson of the

electoral committee of the electoral district, in the presence of

at least  3/5 of  the members  of the  electoral committee, shall

close and  seal the ballot-box slot, collect unused ballot-papers

from each  member of  the electoral  committee of  the  electoral

district, record  the number  of unused ballot-papers in the vote

calculation record,  count them publicly, and check, according to

signatures in  the voter  list, that  no ballot-papers  have been

handed in unlawfully.

Unused and faulty ballot-papers shall be counted publicly by

the electoral  committee, annulled by cutting off the upper right

corner, and  put into  envelopes specially  designated  for  this

purpose which  shall thereafter  be sealed.  The number of unused

and faulty ballot-papers shall be entered in the vote calculation

record.

 

Article 63. Calculation of Votes in Electoral Districts

and Registration of Voters who Have Voted

 

The electoral  committee of  the electoral  district, in the

presence of  at least  3/5 of  its  members,  shall  inspect  the

ballot- box  of the  electoral district to: ensure that the seals

have not  been broken  and that  there is no other evidence which

indicates that  it could  have been  opened or that ballot-papers

could have  been removed  in any other way. The committee, in the

presence of  at least  3/5 of  its members,  shall decide  if the

ballot box  has been tampered with. If the committee decides that

the ballot-box  was tampered with, an act shall be drawn up about

this and votes shall not be calculated.

Upon the  ascertainment that  the ballot-box  has  not  been

tampered with,  the box  shall be  opened and  the votes shall be

calculated. Votes  shall be  calculated in  such a  way that this

procedure and  ballot-papers marked  by voters can be observed by

all  persons   present  during  the  calculation  of  votes.  The

Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic  shall   establish  the   concrete  procedure   for  the

calculation of votes.

Upon ascertainment that the ballot-box was not tampered with

and in  the presence  of at  least 3/5  of  the  members  of  the

committee as  well as  observers, the  box shall  be opened,  all

ballot-papers shall  be placed  on tables  on which  there are no

other documents  and writing-materials,  and the  votes shall  be

counted.

 

The number  of the voters of the electoral district shall be

established  according   to  the  voter  list  of  the  electoral

district. The number of voters who have been handed ballot-papers

shall be  established according to the voter lists testifying the

receipt of  the ballot-paper. The number of voters who have voted

in the  electoral district  shall be established according to the

number of  ballot-papers found in the ballot-box of the electoral

district. The  number of  voters who  have  participated  in  the

elections shall be established according to the number of ballot-

papers found  in ballot-boxes  of the electoral districts and the

number of ballot-papers received by mail.

Upon finding  more ballot-papers in the ballot-box than were

handed to  the voters,  the  committee  shall  take  measures  to

clarify the reason.

The results  of the vote calculation shall be entered in the

vote calculation records.

 

Article 64. Registration of Voters who have Voted by

Mail and the Calculation of their Votes

 

After the  calculation of ballot-papers found in the ballot-

box, ballot-papers  received by  mail shall  be calculated in the

following procedure:

1) the  chairperson of  the electoral  committee of the electoral

district shall present, unopened, all outer envelopes received by

mail. Their  number shall  be entered  in  the  vote  calculation

record;

2) outer envelopes shall be opened one at a time;

3) voter  certificates shall  be taken out of the outer envelopes

and checked against the voter list of the electoral district, and

the voucher  envelopes shall  be stamped  with the  seal  of  the

electoral district. If the person on the voter certificate is not

on the voter list, if the voter has already signed the voter list

indicating that  he or  she has  already voted  in the  electoral

district, if  another  envelope  for  voting  by  mail  has  been

received from the same voter, if there is no voter certificate in

the outer envelope, or if there is more than one voucher envelope

in the  outer envelope,  the seal  shall not  be affixed  and the

ballot-paper in  the envelope  shall be considered invalid.  This

fact must be noted on the voucher envelope;

4) in  the voter list of the electoral district, a special record

of the receipt of the elector's vote shall be made by the surname

of the voter whose vote has been received by mail;

5) the  sealed voucher envelope shall be cast into the ballot-box

prepared according to the established requirements; and

6) when  all envelopes  received by  mail have  been gone over in

this way,  and upon  opening the  unsealed voucher envelopes, the

votes received  by mail  shall be  calculated  according  to  the

requirements of  Article 63.  If there  is more  than one ballot-

paper in  the voucher envelope, all ballot-papers in the envelope

shall be considered invalid.

If only  one sealed  voucher envelope  is in  the  electoral

district (committee),  it, in  order to  protect the  privacy  of

voting, shall  not be  opened, but  shall be  handed over  to the

senior electoral  committee, which shall enter the results of the

voting in its vote calculation record.

 

Article 65. Vote Calculation Records in Electoral Districts

 

A vote  calculation  record  shall  be  drawn  up  in  every

electoral district. It shall include:

1) the number of voters in the electoral district;

2) the number of ballot-papers received from the town or regional

committee;

3) the  number of  ballot-papers delivered  to each member of the

committee, the  number of  ballot-papers delivered to voters, the

number of  voters' signatures,  the number of voter certificates,

and the number of unused ballot-papers;

4) the number of unused ballot-papers;

5) the  number of  voters who  have voted in the polling place of

the electoral district;

6) the time that the ballot-box is opened;

7) the number of invalid ballot-papers found in the ballot box;

8) the number of valid ballot-papers found in the ballot box;

9) the  number of  votes found  in the ballot-box which have been

separately cast  for each candidate to the office of President of

the Republic;

10) the  number of  envelopes received  by mail and the number of

sealed voucher envelopes;

11) the number of invalid ballot-papers received by mail;

12) the number of valid ballot-papers received by mail;

13) the  number of  votes received  by mail for each candidate to

the office of President of the Republic;

14) the  total number of voters who participated in the elections

in the electoral district;

15) the  total number of invalid votes in the electoral district;

and

16) the  total number  of votes  cast for  each candidate  to the

office of President of the Republic.

If more  ballot-papers are  found in  the ballot-box  than it has

been delivered  to voters,  this shall  be entered  in  the  vote

calculation record,  indicating the number of extra ballot-papers

which were found.

The vote  calculation record  of the  electoral district shall be

signed by  the chairperson and members of the electoral committee

of the  electoral district.  After that  the observers shall sign

the record. Their observations and the opinions of the members of

the committee  shall be  attached to  the record  and shall be an

inseparable part thereof.

 

Article 66. Invalid Ballot-papers

 

Invalid ballot-papers shall be:

1) ballot-papers which are not of the established sample;

2) ballot-papers  which are  sealed with  the seal  of the  wrong

electoral district;

3) ballot-papers  on which  more than one candidate to the office

of President of the Republic are marked by the voter; and

4) ballot-papers  on which  the voter  has not  marked any of the

candidates to the office of President of the Republic.

The decision  to declare  a ballot  invalid shall  be made by the

electoral committee of the electoral district.

 

Article 67. Presentation of Electoral District Vote

Calculation Documents to Town and Regional

Electoral Committees

 

All ballot-papers,  including  invalid  and  unused  ballot-

papers, and  voucher envelopes,  vote calculation  records, voter

lists and  other election  documents shall  be put into a package

and sealed  in accordance  with the  procedure established by the

Electoral  Committee  for  Elections  of  the  President  of  the

Republic. The  package shall be delivered to the town or regional

electoral committee within 6 hours of the closing of voting.

The Electoral  Committee for  the Elections of the President

of the  Republic and the Ministry of Internal Affairs must ensure

the safety of the transportation of election documents as well as

of the persons transporting them.

 

Article 68. The Calculation of Votes in Town and Regional

Electoral Committees

 

Town  and   regional  electoral   committees   shall   begin

calculating votes  when all  vote calculation  records  from  all

electoral districts are received.

 

Article 69. Town and Regional Vote Calculation Records

 

According  to   the  electoral   district  vote  calculation

records, ballot-papers,  and other  election documents,  the town

and regional electoral committees shall establish:

1) the  number of  voters who  have participated  in the  town or

regional elections,  which shall  equal the  number of voters who

have voted in the town or regional electoral districts;

2) the  number of  invalid ballot-papers  in the  town or  region

which shall equal the number of invalid ballot-papers in the town

or regional electoral district;

3) the number of ballot-papers valid in the town or region, which

shall equal  the number  of ballot-papers  valid in  the town  or

regional electoral district; and

4) the  number of  votes cast for each candidate to the office of

President of  the Republic.  This number  shall equal  the sum of

votes received  in the  electoral districts  separately for  each

candidate to the office of President of the Republic.

These data shall be entered in town and regional vote calculation

records, which  shall then  be  signed  by  the  chairperson  and

members of the respective town or regional electoral district.

 

Article 70. Presentation of Town and Regional Vote

Calculation Records to the Electoral Committee for

Elections of the President of the Republic

 

Town  and   regional  electoral  committees  shall  put  all

documents received  from the electoral districts, the calculation

records of  the electoral  districts, the  town or  regional vote

calculation record and other documents into special packages, and

shall seal these packages and deliver them within 36 hours of the

closing of voting to the Electoral Committee for Elections of the

President of the Republic.

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  may begin  to establish  the election  results only

after the vote calculation records of the electoral committees of

all towns  and regions,  as well  as other documents indicated in

the first part of this Article have been received.

According to  the vote  calculation records  of the town and

regional electoral committees and the vote calculation records in

diplomatic missions, the Electoral Committee for Elections of the

President of the Republic shall establish:

1) the number of voters of the Republic of Lithuania;

2) the number of voters who participated in the elections;

3) the number of invalid ballot-papers;

4) the number of valid ballot-papers; and

5) the  number of  votes cast for each candidate to the office of

President of the Republic.

Considering complaints filed in the procedure established by

this Law,  the Electoral Committee for Elections of the President

of  the   Republic  may   recount  ballot-papers  and,  upon  the

establishment of errors in their calculation, may correct entries

in  vote   calculation  records.   The  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic  may  not  consider

invalid vote  calculation records  of the  electoral districts or

town or regional electoral committees due to errors found in vote

calculation records.

Upon the  establishment that  gross violations  of this  Law

were committed  during voting  or that the document forgery had a

decisive  influence  on  the  results  of  the  election  of  the

President of  the  Republic,  the  Electoral  Committee  for  the

Elections of  the President  of the  Republic  may  consider  the

results of  the elections  to the  office of the President of the

Republic invalid.

A candidate to the office of President of the Republic shall

be considered  elected if  during voting  for the  first time  in

which at least half of all voters participate, he or she receives

more than  half of  the votes  of all voters participating in the

elections. If  less than  half of  all voters participated in the

elections, a candidate shall be considered elected when he or she

receives the  most, but  no less  than one-third  of votes of all

voters.

If during  the first voting round none of the candidates get

the required  majority vote, a repeat vote shall be held within 2

weeks of  the election  day in  the procedure established by this

Law between the two candidates who received the most votes in the

first voting  round. In  this case,  the candidate  who gets  the

majority of votes shall be considered elected.

If no  more than  two candidates  participate in  the  first

voting round  and neither  of them  get the  required  number  of

votes, a  repeat elections  for the  office of  President of  the

Republic shall  be held  within  3  months  of  the  day  of  the

elections in the procedure established by this Law.

 

Article 71. Participation of Observers in the Calculation

of Votes and the Establishment of Election Results

 

Observers of  political parties  and political organizations

which have nominated candidates to the office of President of the

Republic, observers  appointed  by  persons  who  have  nominated

themselves as  candidates to  the  office  of  President  of  the

Republic, and  representatives of  all mass media may participate

in the  calculation of  votes in electoral districts and town and

regional electoral committees, as well as in the establishment of

election results  in the Electoral Committee for Elections of the

President of the Republic.

Observers shall have the right to make remarks and claims to

electoral committees concerning violations of this and other laws

of the  Republic of  Lithuania, but they must not hinder the work

of electoral  committees. Observers  shall have the right to make

written protests  which must  be added to the electoral committee

records  and   decisions  and,   together  with   other  election

documents, must be delivered to the senior electoral committee.

 

Article 72. Publication of Election Results

 

The final  results of  elections of  the  President  of  the

Republic shall  be publicized  by  the  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the Republic within 4 days of the

elections.

The results  of repeat  elections of  the President  of  the

Republic shall  be publicized  by  the  Electoral  Committee  for

Elections of  the President  of the Republic within 4 days of the

day of the repeat elections.

 

Article 73. Certificate of the President of the Republic

 

The Electoral  Committee for  Elections of  the President of

the Republic  shall issue  a certificate  of the President of the

Republic to  the elected President of the Republic within 3 hours

of the publication of the election results.

 

Article 74. The Keeping of Documents Concerning the

Elections of the President of the Republic

 

After the  closing of  elections of  the  President  of  the

Republic and within 20 days of the end of the term established in

this  Law   for  the  consideration  of  complaints  against  its

decisions, the Electoral Committee for Elections of the President

of the  Republic shall  deliver records  and voter  lists of  the

electoral districts and town and regional electoral committees to

the State Archives to be held for an unspecified period of time.

 

 

 

ALGIRDAS BRAZAUSKAS

 

Acting President

Republic of Lithuania

 

 

Vilnius

22 December 1992

No.I-28

 

 

 

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