Article 1. Definitions


In this Law:

1.1. ENVIRONMENT shall mean the system functioning in nature

and  comprising  its  interconnected  components  (  the  earth's

surface and  entrails, air, water, soil, flora and fauna, organic

and inorganic  matter), as  well  as  natural  and  anthropogenic

ecological systems.

1.2. ENVIRONMENTAL  PROTECTION shall  mean the protection of

the environment  from physical,  chemical,  biological  or  other

hazardous  effects   arising  from  the  utilization  of  natural


1.3. NATURAL  RESOURCES shall  mean the elements of  organic

and inorganic  nature which  are used  or may  be used  by man in

order to satisfy his needs.

1.4. ECOLOGICAL  SYSTEM shall  mean the functional system of

organic and  inorganic elements,  the  components  of  which  are

joined by  their interrelations,  and the processes of metabolism

and energy exchange.

1.5.  NORMS   OF  ENVIRONMENTAL   QUALITY  shall   mean  the

restrictions approved  by a  competent state body determining the

impact of  economic activities on the environment.


normative technical documents approved by a competent state body,

prescribing  the  obligatory  technical  characteristics  (norms,

conditions, requirements)  for  production  and  other  areas  of

standardization in  the preservation  of the  environment and the

health  of the people.

1.7.  LIMITATION   OF  NATURAL   RESOURCES  shall  mean  the

establishment of  norms  of  utilization  of  natural  resources,

taking into  consideration the  information related to the amount

of natural  resources, their  renewal, and  preservation for  the



deterioration or  loss of the natural functions of the ecological

system or its components.

1.9.  ECOLOGICAL   MONITORING  shall   mean   a   systematic

observation of  the environment,  including  its  state  and  the

dynamics of its components, as well as an assessment and forecast

of the anthropogenic effects.

1.10. ECOLOGICAL  EXAMINATION shall  mean the  compliance of

planned, designed and executed economic activities with the laws,

legislative  acts  and  standards  of  environmental  protection,

ascertainment of  the degree of  existing and possible ecological

threats,  as   well  as  the  professional  assessment    of  the

expediency of such activities.

1.11.  ECOLOGICAL   INFORMATION  shall   mean  all   of  the

information concerning the state of  environmental quality.

1.12. ECONOMIC  ACTIVITIES shall  mean  economic  and  other

activities affecting the environment.


Article 2. Objectives of the Law


2.1. This  Law shall establish the main rights and duties of

legal and natural persons guaranteeing:

1) the  right of the population of the Republic of Lithuania

to healthy and safe environment;

2) harmonic  development of  the interaction  between the society

and nature; and

3) the  preservation of the species of animate organisms and

their habitats.

2.2.  Other   laws  and   legislative  acts  regulating  the

utilization of  natural resources  and  environmental  protection

shall be adopted on the basis of this Law.


Article 3. Units of  Environmental Protection


The  units   of  environmental   protection  shall   be  the

environment of  the territory  of the  Republic of  Lithuania and

natural  resources  which  are  under  the  jurisdiction  of  the

Republic of Lithuania.


Article 4. Principles of  Environmental Protection


4.1. In  the Republic of Lithuania, environmental protection

shall be  the concern  and duty  of the  State and of each of its


4.2. The  policy  and  practice  of  the  administration  of

environmental  protection  shall  direct  social  and  individual

interests  towards  the  improvement  of  environmental  quality,

encourage the  users of natural resources to seek  ways and means

to avoid or diminish  hazardous impact on the environment, and to

make technological processes ecologically safe.

4.3. Natural  resources must  be utilized  in a rational and

composite way,  taking into  consideration the  possibilities  of

preservation and  renewal of  nature,  as  well  as  natural  and

economic specifications of the Republic of Lithuania.

4.4.   Environmental    protection   shall   be   based   on

comprehensive, correct and timely ecological information.


Article 5. Competence of the Supreme Council of the

Republic of Lithuania in the Field of

Environmental Protection


The Supreme  Council of  the Republic  of Lithuania, shaping

the state policy of environmental protection shall:         1)

approve the main trends of the policy of environmental protection

and the utilization of natural resources;

2) approve  the long-term  and   purposive programmes of the

state pertaining  to   environmental protection,  as well  as the

subsidies from  the State  budget aimed at financing the measures

of environmental protection;

3) create  the system   of  state  bodies  implementing  the

policy of environmental protection and the utilization of natural

resources; and

4) ratify  and  denounce  the  main  international  treaties

concerning  environmental protection of the Republic of Lithuania

and utilization of natural resources.


Article 6. The State Administration of Environmental



6.1. In  the Republic of Lithuania, the state administration

of environmental  protection, pursuant to their competence, shall

be carried out by the Department of Environmental Protection, the

Government  of   the  Republic   of  Lithuania,   and  the  local

governments. Each  of these institutions shall be responsible for

the implementation of functions prescribed to them by laws.

6.2. The  Department  of  Environmental  Protection  of  the

Republic of  Lithuania, shaping and implementing the state policy

of environmental protection shall:

1) prepare,  and, in  conjunction with the Government of the

Republic of Lithuania, submit for approval to the Supreme Council

of the  Republic of  Lithuania the  main trends  of the policy of

environmental protection and utilization of natural resources, as

well as  long-term and  purposive state programmes related to the

protection  of   the  environment   and  utilization  of  natural


2) prepare,  and, in  conjunction with the Government of the

Republic of  Lithuania, approve  the proposals  of  environmental

protection which  are of  national significance, as well as other

projects of  environmental protection,  and provide the mechanism

for their implementation;

3) prepare  draft laws on environmental protection and adopt

legislative  acts   concerning  the   issues   of   environmental

protection and utilization of natural resources;

4)  approve the  limits of the utilization of natural

resources, provide  the order  of  the  registration  of  natural

resources and terms of their utilization;

5) organize ecological monitoring;

6)  approve   the  legislative   acts   and   standards   of

environmental protection;

7) coordinate  the projects of economic activities and carry

out the state ecological examination;

8) coordinate  and, pursuant  to its  competence,  implement

international  treaties   and  obligations  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania  on   the  issues   of  environmental   protection  and

utilization of  natural resources; and, upon the authorization of

the Supreme  Council or  Government of the Republic of Lithuania,

sign such treaties;

9) carry out the state control of the utilization of natural

resources  and   environmental   protection   and   control   the

implementation of international treaties and obligations;

10) organize  and coordinate  purposive  scientific research

works in the field of environmental protection;

11) submit  proposals to the Supreme Council of the Republic

of Lithuania  concerning the  establishment of  protective zones,

and declare  areas of the environment national natural monuments;


12) carry out functions prescribed by other laws.


6.  3.   The  Government   of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,

implementing the  national policy  of  environmental  protection,


1) prepare,  and  in  conjunction  with  the  Department  of

Environmental Protection,  submit for  approval  to  the  Supreme

Council of the Republic of Lithuania, programmes and proposals of

national significance  related  to  the  utilization  of  natural

resources and environmental protection;

2) establish,  finance and  supply  programmes,  plans,  and

projects for  environmental protection  of national significance,

and finance purposive research works;

3) keep  the registration  of state  national resources and,

within the  established limits,  distribute national resources to


4) organize ecological education and instruction;

5)  prepare   draft  projects  of  norms  and  standards  of

environmental  quality,   and   promote   the   introduction   of

ecologically safe  technology and  production by users of natural


6) in  conjunction  with  the  Department  of  Environmental

Protection of  the Republic  of Lithuania, conclude international

treaties of  the Republic of Lithuania related to the utilization

of natural  resources and environmental protection, and implement

them in accordance with their competence;

7) coordinate  the activities  of the  bodies of state power

and local  governments  concerning  the  utilization  of  natural

resources and environmental protection; and

8) carry out other activities prescribed by laws.



6.  4.   Local  governments,   implementing  the  policy  of

environmental protection on their territories:

1)  shall   organize   the   implementation   of   laws   on

environmental protection  and  decisions  of  the  Department  of

Environmental Protection  and the  Government of  the Republic of

Lithuania in  the field  of environmental  protection, and within

the limits  of their jurisdiction, adopt decisions concerning the

utilization of  natural resources  and environmental  protection,

ascribed to  them by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania,

and supervise their implementation;

2) shall  prepare, approve  and  implement  the  programmes,

plans, and  projects of  environmental protection and utilization

of national resources in the territory under their jurisdiction;

3) shall  form and  have at  their disposal local government

environmental protection  funds, shall  establish the  amount  of

subsidies allocated  for   environmental  protection,  and  shall

document the necessity of subsidation from the state budget;

4) shall, within the established limits, distribute national

resources which are at their disposal;

5) may,  in agreement with the Government of the Republic of

Lithuania  and   the  Department   of  Environmental  Protection,

establish   norms on  their own territory which are stricter than

state standards,  and  may  create  local  nature  preserves  and

monuments; and

6) shall  carry out  other activities  prescribed to them by









Article 7. Rights and Duties of Citizens and Public



Citizens and public organizations shall have the right:

1) to receive accurate and uptodate ecological information;

2) to  take part  in the  discussion and  implementation  of

programmes and projects of economic activities;

3) to demand that economic activities which are hazardous to

the environment be terminated;

4) to request state ecological examinations;

5) to carry out public ecological examinations;

6)  to   organize  public   inspections   of   environmental


7)  to   demand  that  state  authorities  and  institutions

organize ecological  education and  instruction,  and  to  freely

advocate concepts of environmental protection; and

8)  to insist  upon the  punishment of  persons  guilty  of

endangering the environment, and of officers, who have improperly

carried out  the duties   of environmental protection ascribed to



Article 8. Duties of State Authorities, Administrators,

and Inspectors in Guaranteeing the Rights of

Citizens and Public Organizations


State authorities,  administrators, and inspectors, pursuant

to their jurisdiction, must:

1) establish  ecologically based  standards of environmental

protection  which   can  be   achieved  by  technological  means,

supervise their changes, and inform the public thereof;

2) either  comply with  or justifiably decline the proposals

of citizens  or  public  organizations  concerning  environmental


3) publicly  announce plans of economic activities which may

have a hazardous impact on the environment;

4) prevent  the violation  of laws,  norms and  standards of

environmental  protection   by  subjects   engaged  in   economic


5) either  carry out  or justifiably  decline to carry out a

state ecological examination if the public so requests;

6) evaluate  the findings  of state ecological examinations,

and either  take them  up as matters of importance or justifiably

turn them down;

7) guarantee  that the  damages caused to the environment by

unlawful activities  be redeemed,  and persons  guilty  of  these

damages be punished;

8) organize ecological education and instruction; and

9)  encourage  the  participation  of  citizens  and  public

organizations in environmental protection.


Article 9. Duties of Citizens and Public Organizations


Citizens  and   public  organizations  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania must  protect the environment, use natural resources in

an  economical  way,  and  avoid  violation  of  the  rights  and

interests of other users of natural resources.



Article 10. Rights and Duties of Foreign Citizens and

Stateless Persons


Foreign citizens  and stateless  persons   must abide by the

rights and duties of the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania as

established by  this Law,  if  other  laws  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania do not provide otherwise.





Article 11. The Object of the Utilization of Natural       



The object of the utilization of natural resources shall be

the existing  natural resources  which are in the jurisdiction of

the Republic of Lithuania.


Article 12. Objects of Special Utilization


12. 1. The objects of special utilization shall be:

1)  protected territories: reserves of the state, national

parks, regional  parks, natural  reserves, protective  zones, and

areas of local significance and special purpose;

2)  the natural  framework, identified  and formed  as the

system of  territories of  ecological compensation, consisting of

protected and  other ecologically  significant  and  sufficiently

natural  territories   which  maintain   the  stability   of  the

landscape; and

3) natural monuments, species and communities of flora and

fauna protected by the State.


12. 2.  Protection of  the objects used for  special purpose

shall be regulated by separate laws.


Article 13. State Registration of Natural Resources


The procedure of state registration of natural resources, as

well as  the custody  of the  cadastre shall be determined by the

Government of  the Republic  of Lithuania  and the  Department of

Environmental Protection.


Article 14. Users of Natural Resources


14.1.  Natural resources  may be used by legal and natural


14.2.  The basis  of the  utilization of natural resources

shall either  be  the  right  of  ownership    or  the  right  of


14.2. The users of natural resources must:

1) evaluate  the possible  impact of  economic activities on

the environment;

2) utilize  natural resources  in a  rational and economical


3) implement  means of  either eliminating  or deteriorating

hazardous impact on the environment;

4) take  measures to  avoid endangering the environment, and

in the  event that  hazardous effects  do occur, must immediately

eliminate the  cause of  such effects  and inform the appropriate

officers and institutions of the occurence;

5) avoid violation of the rights and legitimate interests of

other users of natural resources;

6) redeem  the damages  caused by  unlawful activities which

have hazardously affected the environment; and

7) fulfill  the  legitimate  requirements  of  environmental

protection institutions and their officers.





Article 15. Forecast of the Impact on the Environment


15.1. Legal  and natural  persons, applying  for  permit  to

engage in  economic activities,  shall,  at  their  own  expense,

prepare and  submit to the Department of Environmental Protection

of the Republic of Lithuania documents concerning possible impact

of such activities on the environment.

15.2. The  Department of  Environmental  Protection  of  the

Republic of Lithuania shall evaluate the documents concerning the

possible impact  of economic  activities on  the environment  and

present a motivated conclusion, which is requisite in order for a

state institution  to  issue  a  permit  to  engage  in  economic


15.3.  The   procedure  of   the  preparation  of  documents

concerning the  possible impact  of economic  activities  on  the

environment  shall   be  established   by   the   Department   of

Environmental  Protection   of  the   Republic  of  Lithuania  in

conjunction with the Government of the Republic of Lithuania.


Article 16. Planning of Economic Activities


16.1.  Legal  and  natural  persons  wishing  to  construct,

reconstruct, or  expand units of economic activities must prepare

project documentation.  Such documentation must include  means to

utilize    natural  resources  rationally,  to  avoid  industrial

accidents and  eliminate their  causes and  consequences, and  to

guarantee  the observation of the norms of environmental quality.

Such  project   documentation  shall   be  coordinated  with  the

Department  of   Environmental  Protection  of  the  Republic  of



Article 17. Construction, Reconstruction, or Expansion

of Units of Economic Activities


17.1. Legal  and natural persons may construct, reconstruct,

or expand  units of economic activities only if they have project


documentation  which  is  in  compliance  with  the  requirements

provided for in Article 16 of this Law.

17.2. Parties  involved in the construction, reconstruction,

or expansion  of units  of economic  activity  who  do  not  have

project documentation  as detailed  in Article 16 of this law, or

who are  not complying  with the  requirements  of  environmental

protection,   or   who,   in   the   process   of   construction,

reconstruction or  expansion of  these units violate restrictions

of environmental  protection,  shall  be  liable  in  the  manner

established by law.

17.3.  The  imposition    of  liability  shall  not  prevent

institutions  of  administration  and  control  of  environmental

protection established in Article 6 of this law, as well as their

officials,   from   discontinuing,  in  the  established  manner,

activities of construction, reconstruction or expansion.


Article 18. Pre-operation  Review of Newly-Built,

Reconstructed, or Expanded Units of Economic



18.1.  The   operation  of  newly-built,  reconstructed,  or

expanded units  of economic activities shall be permitted only if

they comply  with   the requirements  of environmental protection

set forth in the documentation of their construction project.

18.2.   Officials  of   the  Department  of  Environmental

Protection  shall  be  present  in  the  review  of  newly-built,

reconstructed, or expanded units of economic activities.


Article 19. Operation of Units of Economic Activities


19.1. Prior to operating units of economic activities, legal

and natural  persons must  obtain a permit ( ecological passport)

for the  utilization of  natural resources  and the  discharge of

pollutants into  the environment in the manner established by the

Department of  Environmental Protection.        19.2.  Legal  and

natural persons  shall operate units of economic activities under

the   conditions established in the permit for the utilization of

natural resources  and  the  discharge  of  pollutants  into  the

environment and  shall not  exceed the  norms  and  standards  of

environmental quality.

19.3. Legal  and natural  persons, while  operating units of

economic  activities  which  are  potentially  hazardous  to  the

environment, must,  at their  own expense,  monitor the degree of

environmental  pollution  and  its  impact  on  the  environment,

guarantee that  information concerning the pollution be available

to the public, and provide conditions for pollution control.

19.4. Legal  and natural  persons, while  operating units of

economic activities,  must keep  records of  the  utilization  of

natural resources  and the  discharge of pollutants in the manner

established by  the Department of Environmental Protection of the

Republic of Lithuania.

19.5. Legal  and natural persons operating units of economic

activities which  do not  require permits  for the utilization of

natural resources  and  the  discharge  of  pollutants  into  the

environment,  must   comply  with  the  norms  and  standards  of

environmental quality established for such units.


Article 20. Production and Use of Toxic and Injurious



20.1. Legal  and natural  persons using  toxic and injurious

chemicals must  comply  with  the  regulations    promulgated  by

competent  state   institutions  for  the  utilization,  storage,

transportation or  dumping of such materials. These persons shall

be responsible  for all  costs incurred for utilization, storage,

transportation, and dumping.

20.2.  Production  or  importation  of  toxic  or  injurious

materials in  or  into  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  shall    be

permitted only following the state examination.

20.3. Lists  of toxic  and injurious  materials, prepared by

respective departments,  shall be  approved  or  renewed  by  the

Ministry  of   Health  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania  and  the

Department of Environmental Protection.

20.4. Regulations  for the  production, transportation, use,

storage and dumping of chemicals having a hazardous impact on the

ozone  layer   shall  be   established  by   the  Department   of

Environmental Protection of the Republic of Lithuania.

20.5. The importation, stationing, or production of chemical

weapons of  mass destruction  is prohibited  in the  Republic  of



Article 21. Production and Use of Radioactive Matter


21.1. In the Republic of Lithuania, both the reprocessing of

radioactive matter  used for the production of nuclear weapons or

for fuel elements of nuclear power plants and the reprocessing of

spent nuclear fuel is prohibited.

21.2.  In   the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  the  importation,

stationing or production of nuclear weapons is prohibited.

21.3. Regulations for the record- keeping, importation, use,

transportation, storage,  and dumping  of radioactive  matter, as

well as  norms of  radiation safety  shall be  established by the

Department of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Health

of the Republic of Lithuania.


Article 22. The Production, Propagation, and Use of



22.1. Regulations and standards concerning   registration of

the sources  of microorganisms  and other  biological pollutants,

and    of    their    production,    propagation,    importation,

transportation, use,  storage and treatment, shall be established

by the Department of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of

Heath of the Republic of Lithuania.

22.2. In the Republic of Lithuania, importation, stationing,

and production of biological weapons is prohibited.


Article 23. Waste Management


23.1. Users  of natural resources must keep records of waste

and must  comply with  regulations concerning the identification,

utilization, storage,  dumping, and  treatment  of  waste.  Users

shall also be responsible for costs incurred from the management,

storage, dumping, and transportation of waste.

23.2. Legal   and natural persons shall be liable for toxic,

injurious,  and   radioactive  waste   which  is  the  result  of

production until  it is  recycled or  treated in  the established


23.3. Sites  for  the  containment,  storage,  dumping,  and

treatment of  toxic and  radioactive waste  shall be allotted  by

the Government  of the  Republic of  Lithuania in the established


23.4. Toxic,  injurious,  and  radioactive  waste  shall  be

stored, dumped,  and treated  in special  installments or storage


23.5. The  management of  toxic, injurious,  and radioactive

waste shall  be regulated  by  the  Department  of  Environmental

Protection.  All   other  waste   shall  be   managed  by   local


23.6. The  importation  of  waste    into  the  Republic  of

Lithuania for storage, treatment, or dumping is prohibited.


23.7. The  regulations for  transit transportation  of toxic

and radioactive  materials shall  be established by international

treaties of the Republic of Lithuania.


Article 24. Emergency Situations


24.1. An  emergency situation  is a  hazardous environmental

state  which,  as  the  result  of  nature,  accidents,  economic

activity, or  other events,  exceeds standards  of  environmental


Areas in  which an emergency situation has occurred shall be

declared zones of ecological danger or ecological disaster.

24.2. In  accordance with  the Department  of  Environmental

Protection, areas  in which  the  permissible  concentrations  of

pollutants are  constantly exceeded   shall  be declared zones of

ecological danger by the respective local governments.     

24.3. In  accordance with  the Department  of  Environmental

Protection, areas  in which,  as the result of nature, accidents,

economic activities, or other events,  the environment has either

degraded irremediably  or has  become unsuitable for living shall

be declared   zones  of ecological  disaster by the Government of

the Republic of Lithuania.

24.4. Areas  which are declared zones of ecological disaster

shall be marked by special signs.

24.5. In  zones of ecological danger or disaster, activities

hazardous to  either the  people or  the environment    shall  be

suspended, restricted, or prohibited. The administration of zones

of  ecological   danger  shall   be  determined   by  the   local

governments. In  zones of  ecological disaster the administration

shall  be  determined  by  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania in  conjunction with  the Department  of  Environmental


24.6. In  the event  of an emergency situation, the subjects

of economic  activities shall  eradicate both  the cause  and the

consequences, shall inform the public, the local governments, the

Ministry  of  Health,  the  Government,  and  the  Department  of

Environmental Protection,  and  shall  fulfil  other  regulations

established by the administration.

24.7. The  Government of  the Republic  of Lithuania and the

local governments  shall have  the  right  to  utilize    special

services, organizations,  and residents in order to eradicate the

causes and  consequences of  ecological disasters,  and to  adopt

decisions concerning the evacuation of inhabitants.

24.8. Costs  incurred from  the  eradication  of  ecological

disasters shall  be the  responsibility of  the legal and natural

persons at fault. In other cases they shall be the responsibility

of the State.








Article 25. The System of Monitoring the Environmental



25.1. A  uniform system  of ecological  monitoring shall  be

established for  the surveillance  of the environmental state and

its components.  Local governments,  ministries, departments, and

other users  of natural  resources  shall  administer  municipal,

branch, and enterprise monitoring.

25.2. The content, structure, and procedures of  enterprise,

municipal,  and   complex  monitoring  shall  be  established  in

accordance with  the monitoring regulations which  are sanctioned


by the Department of Environmental Protection upon agreement with

the Government.


Article 26. The System of Restricting  Negative

Environmental Effects


26.1. The  negative effects  of economic  activities on  the

environment shall be restricted by norms, standards, limitations,

legal measures, and economic regulations.

26.1  In   the   Republic   of   Lithuania,   standards   of

environmental  quality   shall  be   established  concerning  the

concentration  of  pollutants  in  the  environment  and  in  the

individual  components  of  the  environment,  the  discharge  of

pollutants into the environment, the utilization of chemicals and

other substances  which are  hazardous to  the  environment,  the

utilization   of    natural    resources,    noise,    vibration,

electromagnetic fields  and other  effects, radiation safety, and

general anthropogenic activities.

26.3. An  ecological examination  must be carried out before

the production, manufacturing, and introduction of new technology

takes place.


Article 27. The Ecological Examination


27.1.  The  ecological  examination  may  be  either  state,

departmental, or public.

27.2.  The  Department  of  Environmental  Protection  shall

organize and  carry out  the state ecological examination. State,

departmental,  and   public  ecological   examinations  shall  be

executed  according   to  the   laws  and   regulations   already


Specialists   from   both   Lithuanian   and   international

organizations  may   be  asked   to  join  the  state  ecological

examination commission.

27.3. The  verdict of  the state  ecological examination  is

obligatory for all legal and natural persons.






Article 28. Economic Means of Environmental Protection


Ecological and  economic interests  of the  State  shall  be

coordinated by the economic mechanism of environmental protection

set forth  in the  laws and  other legal  acts of the Republic of

Lithuania. This consists of:

1) taxes for the utilization of natural resources;

2) taxes for environmental pollution;

3) regulation of crediting;

4) state subsidies;

5) pricing policies;

6) economic sanctions and compensation for damages; and

7) other ecological taxes and measures.


Article 29. Implementation Methods of Economic

Environmental Protection Measures


The  introduction   of  low   waste   technology   and   the

manufacturing of  ecological production  shall be promoted by tax

reduction, credit privileges, and state subsidies.


Article 30. State Financing of Environmental Protection




30.1. Environmental protection measures shall be financed by

the users  of natural  resources, the state government, and local

governments, in accordance with appropriate legislative acts.

30.2.  State   budget  funds   allocated  for  environmental

protection shall  be utilized  in accordance with the  directions

and programs  determined by  the Government  of the  Republic  of

Lithuania and the Department of Environmental Protection.

30.3. Additional sources of environmental financing shall be

the  State  Fund  for  Environmental  Protection  and  the  local

government funds for environmental protection.

30.4. The Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania shall

establish the procedure for the formation and distribution of the

State Fund of Environmental Protection.








Article 31. Legal Responsibility


Legal and natural persons who violate the regulations of the

law  of   environmental  protection     shall   be   subject   to

disciplinary, administrative,  material, and  criminal  liability

under the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.


Article 32. Forms of the Compensation for  Damage

Caused to the Environment by Unlawful



Legal  and   natural  persons   who,  by   way  of  unlawful

activities, cause  damage to  the environment,  to  the  life  or

health of  a given  person(s), or to the property or interests of

other legal and natural persons, must compensate all losses, and,

if possible,  must to  restore the  environmental  state  of  the

object in question.

The Government  of  the  Republic  of  Lithuania,  upon  the

agreement of   the  Department of Environmental Protection, shall

establish the  methods and rates to compensate for damages caused

to the environment.


Article 33. Claims for  Compensation of Damage Caused

by Unlawful Activities


The following natural and legal persons shall have the right

to make claims for damages caused by unlawful activities:

1) legal  and natural  persons   whose health,  property, or

interests have been damaged;

2) officers of the Department of Environmental Protection of

the Republic  of Lithuania,  the  procurator,  and  other  public

organizations, when  damage has been done to the interests of the



Article 34. Settlement of Disputes on Issues Concerning

Environmental Protection


34.1. Local  governments, the  Government of the Republic of

Lithuania,  the   Department  of  Environmental  Protection,  the

Supreme Council,  Arbitration, and  the Court shall, within their

jurisdiction,  settle disputes on issues concerning environmental

protection in the manner established by law.

34.2. Disputes  between legal  and natural  persons  of  the

Republic of Lithuania and  foreign states shall be settled in the

manner established  by law  of the  Republic of Lithuania, unless


international agreements  of the  Republic of  Lithuania  provide









Article 35. The Participation of the Republic of

Lithuania in International Cooperation on

Issues Concerning Environmental Protection


35.1.  The   Republic  of   Lithuania,  guiding   itself  by

universally recognized  and proclaimed principles, shall conclude

international agreements  on    issues  concerning  environmental

protection,  and   shall  participate   in  the   activities   of

international environmental protection organizations.

35.2. The  Republic of  Lithuania,  cooperating  with  other

states on issues concerning environmental protection, shall:

1) seek both regional and universal ecological safety;

2)  resolve   regional  and   global   problems   concerning

environmental protection;

3)  provide     objective   information  on  the  ecological

situation in Lithuania to the states concerned;

4) control  and regulate  general issues  concerning natural


5) cooperate  in the eradication of negative consequences of

ecological disasters and accidents;

6) develop scientific and technical relations; and

7)  fulfill   other  international   obligations  concerning

environmental protection.


Article 36. The Relation Between the Law of

Environmental Protection of the Republic of

Lithuania and International Agreements on

Environmental Protection


36.1. The laws of the Republic of Lithuania must comply with

international agreements,  ratified  by  Lithuania,  on    issues

concerning environmental  protection and  universally  recognized

norms of environmental protection.

36.2. If  an international  agreement  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania   on   issues   concerning   environmental   protection

establishes regulations  other than those provided by the laws of

the Republic  of Lithuania, the regulations must conform with the

norms and  standards of  environmental quality established in the

Republic of Lithuania.


Bronius Kuzmickas

Vice President

Supreme Council

Republic of Lithuania



21 January, 1992